Folks with a sysadmin background might find it more suitable to use Puppet. The tool uses state enforcement akin to Ansible, which offloads any core oversight tasks to defined automations. Its open source Chef Habitat tool, available on Github, gives you a complete app lifecycle management tool that plays well with Docker, Kubernetes, and other containerization tools. Chef has made significant strides in improving its platform’s security with Chef Vault, though its 3 published CVE vulnerabilities certainly pale in comparison to Puppet’s 79. We've highlighted some of Chef and Puppet’s key attributes and benefits—selecting the right option comes down to identifying each platform’s core competencies and determining which of these fall in line with your organization’s unique needs and requirements. In this article, we will see these tools and discuss the pros and cons of Ansible vs Chef vs Puppet so that we can choose the right configuration management tools for our need. Recipes and manifests, as a rule, describe single concepts, while cookbooks and recipes describe more general concepts. The chef has you working with cookbooks and recipes, while Puppet works with manifests and modules. When you have a handful of servers, you might think about writing a few Bash scripts to handle repetitive software installations and configuration changes. Available since Puppet Enterprise 3.8, Puppet Code Manager provides a consistent, automated way to change, review, test and promote Puppet code in a continuous delivery framework. The Cost of Downtime At The World's Biggest Online Retailer. Chef and Puppet have similarities in how they manage configurations in servers. Let us look at the key differences as below: 1. It’s also difficult to believe Chef hasn’t found a vulnerability in any of their software since 2012. For Ansible, configuration management changes are propagated from any work machine via SSH rather than clients on the nodes. Puppet’s Node Manager enables the creation of rules around node attributes, which allows for easier more efficient node management. Chef has embraced containerization and built tools to support the build and deployment of containerized applications. Saltstack. There’s always going to be a learning curve, and it will depend on the team’s background and which tool is more suitable for them. It is not very easy to learn and its system administrator oriented.Ansible â Ansible uses YAML i.e Yet Another Markup Language (Python). Learn how to: Deploy Chef Automate from the Azure Marketplace. 6 Big Influencers in Software Defined Networking. Puppet Chef by Chef Software Remove. Expand your network with UpGuard Summit, webinars & exclusive events. Stay up to date with security research and global news about data breaches. Puppet Enterprise is free for up to 10 nodes. By Peter Wayner. In Puppet, the master replicates its data to another server, and they work in an active/passive way. For the purposes of this comparison we’ll instead focus on how well they solve IT and continuous delivery challenges faced by today’s enterprises. To see these two at work, consider the following code example which installs the Apache web server. Standard pricing starts at $120 per node. Many also hail Puppet as one of the industryâs âinfrastructure as codeâ tools, though IaaC â¦ Learn more about risk factors for the chef.io website or get your own security rating for free. It also requires a master server for storing the infrastructure state as well as installation of an agent software for installing â¦ Puppet or Chef: The configuration management dilemma Puppet is model-driven, Ruby is procedural, and both are large, messy, open source ecosystems plagued with pitfalls. It is quite easy to learn and its administrator oriented. But if you’re deciding which tool to use for your company, make sure you have a clear idea of what problems you’re having and how these type of tools can help you alleviate the load. But you should also consider the premium features from each tool. Learn about the latest issues in cybersecurity and how they affect you. To begin, you might choose Chef in environments where you want to account for complex configuration management scenarios such as deploying to multiple targets in the cloud and on virtualization platforms. Doesnât reinvent the wheel. Puppet’s DSL has the strength that it keeps most tasks simple and there’s generally one sure way to do things. Not only that, Puppet Enterprise allows admins to manage 2.3 times more resources than they would've previously, and manage them more seamlessly, according to the company. SaltStack (or Salt) is a CLI-based tool that can be set up as a master-client model or a â¦ Chef was strongly inspired by Puppet. Reporting (e.g., results from automation runs, errors/exceptions) and other information is sent by the clients back to the server for aggregate analysis and processing. Theâ¦ Puppet's overall risk score, as measured by the Upguard Cybersecurity Rating scores an A (903/950), much higher than Chef's B rating. While we are committed to representing each company's risk profile accurately, this blog is not the place for real time risk monitoring, and the above information should be taken as point in time snapshots. In Puppet, you create manifests and modules, while in Chef you deal with recipes and cookbooks. Control third-party vendor risk and improve your cyber security posture. Integrations are available for cloud platforms like Rackspace, with Amazon EC2 going a step further by integrating Chef servers via the AWS OpsWorks for Chef Automate service. Puppet or Chef provide a complete solution stack : they are a management console, they are a domain-specific language, and they are a platform-level implementation : when adopting Puppet, you adopt it from top to bottom. Learn more about the latest issues in cybersecurity. Learn more about DevOps with these resources. Even though they’ll have to learn the DSL, it’s never going to be like learning a programming language. Moreover, developers won’t feel restricted to a DSL only, adding when defining a configuration. A lack of DMARC and DNSSEC. A plethora of examples are available in the ChefSpec Github repository to help you get started. This new model for networking is right in line with Puppet’s advocacy of “infrastructure as code.” As such, the company has made significant strategic initiatives and partnerships in support of SDN. Remove All Products Add Product Share. The platform is made up of the following components: Traditional Puppet vs. New updates include powerful provisioning capabilities for Docker containers, AWS infrastructure and bare-metal machines. Puppet is written in Ruby that supports Domain Specific Language with Ruby. Insights on cybersecurity and vendor risk management. In Ansible, master is Ansible Control Machine and the children is Hosts. However, the devil is in the details when it comes to misconfiguration, and Puppet is opening itself and its customers up to email spoofing powered phishing and spear phishing campaigns with its lenient SPF filtering. Chef . You have more freedom to create complex configurations because you’re using a programing language. This has both advantages and drawbacks, notably that you introduce unnecessary complexity that may be hard for maintainers of your Chef recipes to untangle. For more information, see An Overview of Chef. Chef’s ecosystem also includes Chef Automate, an enterprise level tool to automate security compliance and manage your infrastructure’s automation from a single dashboard. I’ve seen that both vendors will always try to level-up with each other with the features. Whichever tool you choose, it should be a team decision, especially from the ones who will end up working with the tool. A recipe in Chef will look like this (pure Ruby): For Puppet, there’s a module to install the Stackify agent, and the manifest will look like this: As you can see, the above code examples confirm what I said before. It must address contemporary IT challenges in building/managing high-velocity organizations while facilitating constant improvement and collaboration between groups. Both the tools differ primarily in â¦ In the past, the two partnered with Microsoft to integrate their platforms with Azure, and Puppet—no stranger to being a first mover—was early to make key alliances with leading SDN vendors to position it favorably as the technology takes hold. The move of infrastructure configuration to infrastructure as code (IaC) facilitated by devops tools such as Chef and Puppet means that there is greater scope for running lightweight tests to verify any changes that will be rolled out in your infrastructure. Today we pit two popular tools for configuration management against one another; Chef vs Puppet. These automation tools work with a Master and a Children mechanism. Habitat’s versatility allows it to build and deploy traditional applications, such as legacy Java or Python applications, just as easily as granular microservices, through the use of a plan.sh file that provides all the details needed to build your application. What is Chef? The DSL differences are superficial when you look at simple use cases, but they lead to different baked in effects. You can test the recipes locally, then upload them to the master node. In Puppet, the master replicates its data to another server, and they work in an active/passive way. The Chef ecosystem, in particular Chef Habitat, has you covered when it comes to building your applications to run on just about any system you have in mind, and this will help simplify your containerization workflows with Docker or Kubernetes. Chef’s design plays well in scenarios where you need the full power of the Ruby programming language to code your recipes, with little in the way of constraints to do things a certain way. The cybersecurity risk profiles were last updated on December 12, 2019. Join us for a 15 minute, group Retrace session, How to Troubleshoot IIS Worker Process (w3wp) High CPU Usage, How to Monitor IIS Performance: From the Basics to Advanced IIS Performance Monitoring, SQL Performance Tuning: 7 Practical Tips for Developers, Looking for New Relic Alternatives & Competitors? As a friendly reminder, there’s no silver bullet for a configuration management tool. Get the latest curated cybersecurity news, breaches, events and updates in your inbox every week. Lastly, I’ll talk about how to choose one tool over the other one, depending on your needs and the needs of your team. We know you’re busy, especially during the holiday season. Tools—as critical agents of change—are instrumental in both managing technology as well as shaping culture: Chef extends this notion further by using martial arts as a metaphor for DevOps, specifically—Kung-fu. A master node is where all server configurations get stored. As does Chef, Puppet Enterprise uses infrastructure as code. And like Chef, Puppet’s platform has evolved in response to the growing needs for a comprehensive mechanism to manage the continuous delivery pipeline. Chef â Chef uses Ruby Domain Specific Language (Ruby DSL). Configuration & Security Management for DevOps. As of this writing, 79 vulnerabilities have been documented across Puppet’s ecosystem, with an average severity level of medium, and most of these applying to open source Puppet and Puppet Enterprise. Since this is a question forum on a puppet site, you will probably get more puppet than chef lean. The core components that comprise Puppet are as follows: Other key components worth mentioning over others include MCollective, a framework for supporting server orchestration or parallel job execution, and Hiera—a hierarchical key/value lookup utility for providing node-specific configuration data to Puppet (for keeping site-specific data out of manifests). Where Puppet tool is the product of Puppet Labs, so Chef tool is written in Ruby and Erlang and this is an Opscode lab product. The concept of “infrastructure-as-code” entails using software development best practices to manage infrastructure configurations and provisioning details—including code review, version control, and collaborative development, among others. Each tool has its own domain-specific language (DSL). Difference between Puppet and Chef Key Difference: Puppet is a configuration management tool which is written in Ruby. It is a product of Puppet Labs. Puppet is the oldest version of configuration management system and hard to understand for user. You can get better insights about which vulnerabilities exist in your servers, and apply patches at scale to all servers. Chef vs. Puppet â A Detailed Comparison Of The Configuration Management Tools You've certainly heard of both Chef and Puppet by this point. For Puppet, they have Puppet Enterprise that includes the following capabilities: They also have Puppet Remediate, which is a tool for vulnerability management of your servers. Puppet’s development kit, the PDK, provides tools for unit testing as well as validating the syntax of your Puppet code files, including your metadata.json file which tracks all the module’s metadata in JSON format. The popularity of containerization and tools such as Docker and Kubernetes have impacted the way applications are deployed. Chef calls this desired state configurations you write recipes. Troubleshooting and optimizing your code is easy with integrated errors, logs and code level performance insights. In Chef, you have more freedom. Chef uses Ruby â¦ These are very similar tools that accomplish the same goal: maintaining a consistent state. These servers periodically pull and execute cookbook configurations from the Chef master server. »Terraform vs. Starting Price: $250.00/year. It largely duplicates functionality â¦ Puppet has these advantages in common with other declarative CM tools such as Ansible, which uses the YAML format for composing configuration playbooks in a declarative style. This philosophical difference stands out starkly from a tool like Chef, which, while equally powerful, takes a lot more programmatic effort, involving the use of pure Ruby and the Chef DSL. In this article we’ll take a fresh look at their core components along with new ecosystem tools and integrations that continue to position them as leading enterprise IT automation platforms. Just as cloud computing enables IT to quickly spin up compute and storage instances on-demand, SDN replaces rigid (and sometimes manual) network operations with dynamically provisioned network services and resources. In a sign of its open source commitment, in April 2019, Chef’s CEO announced in a blog post that Chef would be making all its products open source. Puppet has had multiple supported modules for installing and managing Docker, including downloading and configuring Docker images. Yes, Puppet or Chef can handle these as well. Such a view remains true, though, as noted, both platforms accomplish essentially the same tasks for the most part. Per the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) database, Chef has a total of 3 reported vulnerabilities of medium severity: Chef also maintains an ongoing list of security notes that provide customers proper remediation guidelines in addressing security shortcomings of the platform. Puppet has integrated MCollective, Hiera, and a myriad of other open source projects into its platform to provide comprehensive automation and management of mission-critical enterprise infrastructures. More importantly, if anyone removes the firewall rule, these type of tools will keep consistency by creating the firewall rule again. Which of those features will help your organization to reduce silos and waste? Chef Vault provides an additional layer of security that enables easier management of these encrypted data bags. The declarative style of configuration management comes with numerius strengths, including ease of maintenance and keeping configuration implementation consistent across the team. SSL certificate keys, database passwords) in encrypted “data bags”—repositories of key/value pairs—for secure and easy access. These types of tools help engineers to maintain a consistent configuration in all servers. Subsidiaries: Monitor your entire organization. As mentioned previously, Puppet is considered a more operations and sysadmin-oriented solution when compared to Chef, though again—these role-based distinctions are becoming less relevant with each release. A significant difference between Chef and Puppet is in how they define the desired state configuration for servers. Key Differences Between Chef vs Puppet So let us have a look at the key differences. At the basic level, Chef is a tool for automation, provisioning and configuration management. The configuration managers abstract the configuration files themselves, so you need to learn the terms that they use to describe resources and their orchestration. Puppet Enterprise by Puppet View Details. The following graphic is a basic representation of Puppet’s data flow: Puppet automation works by enforcing the desired state of an environment as defined in Puppet Manifests—files containing pre-defined information (i.e., resources) describing the state of a system. Puppet is an open-source platform IT managers can use to record their system components, continuously âdiscoverâ information, and create a catalog of dependencies. Chef Automate’s automated testing and continuous integration/delivery tools include features such as a shared workflow pipeline, collaboration capabilities, and enhanced analytics—as well as ecosystem integrations with AWS, Azure, and Docker, to name a few. Many community-contributed add-ons are also available on Puppet Forge—an expansive library of open source modules for extending the platform’s features and capabilities. Chef, on the other hand, its pricing page has numbers, but you still need to contact them. Chef, Puppet, etc. Regardless of which automation platform you choose, UpGuard can complement either solution to round out the DevOps toolchain with advanced vulnerability assessment and monitoring, ensuring that security—as a function of quality—is baked in at every step of the continuous delivery process. The right information can make the difference from riding the front of the wave and falling behind the curve. Puppet’s Docker module supports the following operating systems: Good code practices include testing your code early and often, with test-driven development practiced popularly across sections of the tech industry. How to choose between Chef and Puppet is a hard question, and the answer, as always, is … “it depends.”. 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