For example, are premature babies more at risk of developing respiratory illness than term babies? For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. It is researchable through both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Follow-Up Question: Do men and women have comparable metabolisms? In the question What effects does writing advice have? For example, the initial question might be ‘Is starting aspirin at 12 weeks of gestation in women at risk of pre‐eclampsia a useful treatment?’ and the refined question might be ‘Does starting aspirin in women at risk of pre‐eclampsia at 12 weeks of gestation reduce the risk of preterm delivery when compared with usual care?’ So although the initial question contains information on the intervention (aspirin) and the participants of interest (pregnant women at risk of developing pre‐eclampsia), in the refined question extra information is provided both on the comparator group (usual care) and the outcome (preterm delivery) (Villa, BJOG 2013;120:64–74). Research Topic Example #2: Which painkiller is more effective for headaches? This research questions serve as the backbone of the research. Examples of Causal Research (Explanatory Research) The following are examples of research objectives for causal research design: To assess the impacts of foreign direct investment on the levels of economic growth in Taiwan. To go back to the example. Operationalize concepts construct … Conceptualize a topic, refine thesis 7. There’s no ambiguity. These types of quantitative research questions prove or disprove a researcher’s hypothesis through descriptions, comparisons, and relationships. Antonyms for Research question. How to Define Good Research Objectives ... A critical component of a successful research engagement is a set of clearly defined and meaningful objectives. Research Topic Example #2: What is the historical significance of currency to the Lakota Nation? Notice that the above research question suggested an association or a relationship. In hypothesis-driven research, a good research question can easily be … All aspects of the study are carefully designed before data is collected. It should be clearly defined, and free of jargon. But, if the question is “What impact does daily use of Facebook have on the study attention of under-20s? Relationship-based research questions. Clearly, some questions are too trivial and meaningless to bother answering. This document offers some examples of research instruments and study methods. ... All the research questions (except for Example 9) are best answered by gathering empirical data. Your research question is the question that inevitably evolves from the deficits or problems revealed in the “Unknown” and clearly states the goal of your research. Determine differences between variables. Research Topic Example #1: What percentage of college students have felt depressed in the last year? Some research is conducted to extend the findings of prior research. None declared. Completed disclosure of interests form available to view online as supporting information. If you’re exploring meaning and experience, you’re using qualitative research. Quantitative survey questions are defined as objective questions used to gain detailed insights from respondents about a survey research topic. The SPIRIT Statement provided guidance on question formulation and documentation in a protocol: The TIDieR checklist helps to describe interventions in sufficient detail to allow their replication by others. This is a unipolar research question with a +5 to -5 rating scale for … Use of non-directional wording in the question. Follow-Up Question: Do Advil and Tylenol target pain in the same way? A research question is an answerable inquiry into a specific concern or issue. ... To choose the appropriate types of research, you need to clearly identify the objectives. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. The question should be sufficiently focused to steer your research to its logical conclusion. If one is unaware of these parts, they are capable of leaving them out during the writing process. Example: Purpose Statement (Declarative): The purpose of this study is to explore the association between 9/11/01 and future plans of high school seniors. Research Topic Example #2: How likely is it for mice with dominant traits to have offspring with recessive traits? Research questions should be defined in advance to allow identification of the appropriate study design, and they should be documented in a protocol before commencing the study. If the research question is well posed then the design of the study to answer the question will often fall easily into place. Research Topic Example #2: Would people in our town enjoy an ice-skating rink? Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, Hinton et al., BJOG 2014;121(Suppl. The null hypothesis for the Follow-Up Question: What conditions are needed for a wildfire to become uncontrollable? Quantitative research questions are beneficial when choosing a research topic or when posing follow-up questions that gather more information. Questions that are designed to understand more about a topic are exploratory questions. Characteristics Use of words- what or how. Learn more about writing a research paper and determine the difference between good and bad research questions. Example 9 is likely to … For example, a study may show ... provided, nor should they be. A research study with clearly defined purpose finds a wider acceptance and acknowledgement within the research community. As you prepare to write your essay or thesis, use these examples of good and bad research questions to make sure you are on the right track. You will grasp enough knowledge about how the paper should be formatted without making any flimsy errors and how many pages and words should be in the paper like 1000 word essay . Ideally the research question should determine the best design for the study. When coming up with a question for your next research project, consider what you want to know. Example Research Questions Is there a significant relationship between teaching style and long quiz score of students? Was it theft, murder or a … 2: Research topic: college students and … Some objectives to take into consideration for your business include: Find out the needs of your clients. I find it helpful material for my students. Formulate the research questions 6. Define what research problem or question … Research Outcome Number 2. Select a topic 2. They use data and statistics to describe an event or phenomenon. With prospective documentation in a protocol, this will then lead to suitable data collection that will answer the research question on study completion. For the oxytocin example described above, a randomised control trial would be considered the reference standard (Bellad et al., BJOG 2012;119:975–86). 3. Learn more. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Quantitative research question examples. The objective of asking an exploratory question is to learn more about a topic without attributing bias or preconceived notions to it. Second important characteristic of a good research is that the research method should be defined in a clear manner with sufficient detail. If you’re wondering about the future outcome of an action, you’ll use predictive questions. Once the research question has been identified, other components of the study can be identified in a logical manner. Select a topic 2. ... For example, key data may be lacking, or a new study is published that challenges some presumptions you had. Comparative questions are especially helpful when studying groups with dependent variables. A research question is a statement that describes the problem that will be studied in the research. Research may be conducted to: 1) fill such gaps in knowledge; 2) evaluate if the methodologies employed in prior studies can be adapted to solve other problems; or, 3) determine if a similar study could be conducted in a different subject area or applied in a different context or to different study sample [i.e., different setting or different group of people].Also, authors frequently conclude their … Drafting the question Draft research Question/hypothesis: •Example: What effects … Researcher has a clearly defined research question to which objective answers are sought. Survey Question: Do you feel that personal technology has positively or negatively affected you? Your research terms are clearly defined. However, if the research question had been, ‘Do women who experience a postpartum haemorrhage have a perceived negative birth experience?’, then a qualitative study would be more appropriate (Hinton et al., BJOG 2014;121(Suppl. As the most basic type of quantitative research question, descriptive questions seek to explain when, where, why, or how something occurred. Researchers who make specific predictions about answers to research questions pose hypotheses that are then tested.. The word variable is derived from the root word “vary,” meaning, changing in amount, volume, number, form, nature, or type. For example, if interest was in reducing the incidence of postpartum haemorrhage (Weeks, BJOG 2015;122:202–10), then the question might be, ‘Does the prescribing of oxytocin reduce blood loss following delivery?’ Having a clearly defined research question helps investigators to focus their research and allows them to work towards supporting or rejecting a specific hypothesis. Having well-defined objectives narrows and focuses the research and ensures that the findings are relevant to decision-makers. All Rights Reserved, Types of Research Questions With Examples. Follow-Up Question: How many generations of genes influence a future generation? Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Research and write a literature review 5. Follow-Up Question: What are the relevant factors that affect one’s grades in high school? Here, the term relationship is used more to describe an association or trend between two or more variables within one or more demographic groups. Variables are those simplified portions of the complex phenomena that you intend to study. They use data and statistics to describe an event or phenomenon. You’ve been as specific as possible. Stapel scale research question. The area is worth making the effort to research. Shona McCombes (Scribbr-team) September 25, 2020 at 5:39 PM. The two methodologies of research, known as qualitative and quantitative research, explore topics with different objectives. Working off-campus? Learning a lot about crucial parts of an essay. Research Topic Example #1: Are people more likely to buy a product after a celebrity promotes it? These studies gather feedback on a group’s behavior without affecting the outcome. How to write a research question. It is the initial step in a research project. It should be posed by the researcher before designing the study to ensure that the study design and the data collected are appropriate and sufficient to answer the question of interest. Choose research method and research instrument 8. A research objective describes, in a few words, the result of the research project after its implementation. Choosing a Research Instrument 1. It guides the study design and methods for the research. These types of questions use past information to predict reactions to hypothetical events. As the most basic type of quantitative research question, descriptive questions seek to explain when, where, why, or how something occurred. Therefore, you should not rush to write an effective research question. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. … Definition(s)? Formulate a thesis statement 3. These terms are not always consistently … RESEARCH QUESTIONS. Follow-Up Question: How often do students report their feelings of depression? For example- if the question is “What impact does social media have on people’s minds? 4): 20–23). Research and write a literature review 5. A research proposal sample that has been previously downloaded may help the student by giving information such as: 1. Because qualitative research is more concerned with understanding an event or phenomenon, its open-ended research questions focus more on a group’s experience than on statistics or numbers. Quantitative Survey Questions: Definition. A research proposal sample that has been previously downloaded may help the student by giving information such as: The paper format. ... the researcher identifies the purpose of the research by answering the "what question".For example, when investigating a crime scene, the FBI needs to first identify what happened. Research Topic Example #2: How do students at our school spend their weekends? Choose the types of analyses 4. These questions are common in quasi-experimental and experimental studies. For example, if interest was in reducing the incidence of postpartum haemorrhage (Weeks, BJOG 2015;122:202–10), then the question might be, ‘Does the prescribing of oxytocin reduce blood loss following delivery?’ Having a clearly defined research question helps investigators to focus their research and allows them to work … To start research, you need to make an outline or speech outline to pitch your research idea to your professor or a boss or in a board meeting. Researchers may decide to work on a problem that has not been studied very clearly to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improving the final research design. Research objectives specify the reason researchers are conducting research. A well-defined and specific research question is more likely to ... the primary research question should be clearly stated at the end of the intro-duction of the grant proposal, and it usually specifies the ... ultimately clinical significance.3For example, in a research study comparing computer-assisted acetabular component insertion versus freehand acetabular component placement ... Likert Scale … Qualitative research is primarily used in social sciences and includes surveys, case studies, focus groups, and ethnography studies. Formulate a thesis statement 3. The results are based on larger sample sizes that are representative of the population. Specify whether the study: discovers, seeks to understand, explores or describes the experiences. Survey Question: What do you do on a typical weekend? It is the initial step in a research project. Let’s now look in greater detail at how the research question is logically embedded into the Introduction to make it a powerful focal point and ignite the reader’s interest to the importance of your research: Quantitative descriptive questions. Research Questions. Definition(s)? 2. It should be clearly defined, and free of jargon. I would like to ask your permission to use your sample research questions for me to use at least three research questions as part of my students' activity. Operationalize. A well-defined and specific research question is more likely to ... to focus the study plan.3In a study, the primary research question should be clearly stated at the end of the intro- ... the population of interest on the basis of a random sample taken from that population. The use of Research Questions as opposed to objectives or hypothesis, is more frequent. Research Topic Example #2: Do high school grades have an impact on future success? 1: Research topic: Physical exercise and heart diseases. Start with a problem statement about the area you want to study, and then create research questions and hypotheses to learn more. You’ve avoided using loaded language. These good and bad examples will demonstrate the qualities you need for an effective research question. If you’d like to know how one variable affects or influences another, use a relationship-based question. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. ... As mentioned, since the results of a quantitative research are based on larger sample sizes hence it can be used to make inference to a … Research questions are the specific queries researchers want to answer. • A research question is the fundamental core of a research project, study, or review of a body of literature. What is Explanatory Research Explanatory research is very easy to understand – it is research which is making for discovering a problem, that hasn’t ever been studied clearly, to make definitions and explanations that haven’t made before and improve final results. It uses clearly defined terms and narrows its focus to a specific population. These types of research are useful in scientific, marketing, historical, and psychological studies. The process of developing your research question follows several steps: Choose a broad topic; Do some preliminary reading to find out about topical debates and issues; Narrow down a specific niche that you want to focus on; Identify a practical or theoretical research problem that you will address; When you have a clearly-defined problem, you need … The research question must be accurately and clearly defined. Data are in the form of numbers and statistics, often arranged in … Survey Question: Would you ever try a new product because a celebrity you respect said that it worked for them? Quantitative research question Example No. The research question is a clear, concise and focused question. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. • A research question is the fundamental core of a research project, study, or review of a body of literature. Choose research method and research instrument 8. Research Topic Example #1: Why is it easier for men to lose weight than it is for women? Operationalize concepts construct instruments 9. Reply. Defining a research question more elaborately is like going for a road trip in a strange place, you need to have a road map with exact specifications so that it can guide you through the journey. Learn about our remote access options. They interpret how a group makes sense of shared experiences and attributes meaning to various phenomena. Know their preferences and understand what is important to them. Choosing a research question is the central element of both quantitative and qualitative research and in some cases it may precede construction of the conceptual framework of study; in all cases, it makes the theoretical assumptions in the framework more explicit and indicates what the researcher wants to know most and first. Research Questions. Research objective: To determine the relationship between physical exercise and heart diseases. • A research question provides a focus for investigation • A research question clearly defines a significant area of interest (for the individual or a group) which requires investigation. Note: Both are neutral; they do not presume an association, either negative or positive. Research Topic Example #1: What is the effect of personal technology on today’s youth? As a first step towards identifying a research question, a literature search can provide information on what is already known on a subject, the types of studies already undertaken and what questions previous research has left uncertain. In other words, it is the driving force behind the entire research process. Research is defined as, a careful consideration of study regarding a particular concern or a problem using scientific methods. In summary, obtaining robust results starts with the definition of the research question. Here are the three types of qualitative questions for both research topics and survey questions. Revise and rewrite the research question/hypothesis. Research question: How does an increase in physical exercise result in a decrease in potential heart diseases? Interpretive research studies people in their natural settings. If you want to use empirical evidence to explain an occurrence, quantitative research is your process. A properly written research question has several characteristics. Choose the types of analyses 4. Survey Question: How do you feel when it’s time to put your toys away and start the next activity? Conceptualize a topic, refine thesis 7. Research papers are source-based explanations of a topic, event, or phenomenon. A good research question often starts with a general observation and then is iteratively refined into a well‐formulated question, using the PICO (Participants, Intervention, Control, Outcomes) criteria. This question defines its concepts clearly. Research Topic Example #1: What percentage of college students have felt depressed in the last year? A quantitative experimental design uses deductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to propose a research statement. You can also check out a list of research topics that may be better to avoid when writing a paper.