Because emission factor considered for a diesel generator was 1.27 kg of CO2/kWh [23], modified partial heating cycle with SA heat can reduce 819.2 kg of CO2/h. CO2 emission factors from electricity only generation (CHP electricity included) for world countries (in CO2 per kWh,1990 to 2018). The share of oil sands has visibly increased over this span, from 17% of oil and gas emissions in 2000 to 43% in 2018. Used in indicators. Germany's exports of electricity continue to be higher than its imports. The figure below illustrates the changes in electricity portfolio between 2005 and 2017. 2. CO 2 Implications of Electricity Generation. 0000036002 00000 n 0000003537 00000 n Fossil CO2 emissions in Canada were 675,918,610 tons in 2016.; CO2 emissions decreased by -1.00% over the previous year, representing a dicrease by -6,846,730 tons over 2015, when CO2 emissions were 682,765,340 tons. 0000000856 00000 n Table A2: Total Ontario generation, and related CO 2 emissions, midnight to 19:05 EST on Dec 13 2020 FUEL Decrease of 10.8% compared to 2017-18 . But it has to be generated from a primary energy source, such as coal, natural gas, uranium, the sun, wind or water. The basic calculation: lbs/kWh x annual kWh = lbs of CO 2 Intensities provided here are based on CO 2 emissions from all electric generation, including biomass and on-site, distributed solar. This resulted in: 2,465 KTonnes CO. 2. e emissions . !�00([ s8�U2w s��U2�e���h��~. As a result, the emissions per kWh … 0000064427 00000 n h�bbd```b``�"/�H�H ����� ��̞f����H6�� emissions per unit of electricity (zero in the case of some renewables). In 2017, the CO 2 emissions intensity of our energy supply was 20% higher than the European average. 0000007107 00000 n w��E�۷{^^u��ݵ�ܬ/�ߗ�Oֽ�����GG;�� They depend on the specific fuels used to make the energy. 0000000016 00000 n Whether you’re a Powershop customer or not, we’ve put together this simple, handy calculator to help you see your household’s carbon emissions generated from electricity usage at your home or business (this is important because about one third of Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions are from electricity emissions). In 2018-19 passenger services consumed: 3,976 million kWh of electricity . ��+:���%H���\ D3 ����a6�pġ&!˅�I�p �9�0�����ia V E�� �Ù�D�w�0%0:3�k�8�|���+�a��1NC�����{6�=��`�����A��Ɂ�[email protected]��H�6Gh��d.��R �|n���ՙ�Ӯӷ�����m�߶�����Tt&1���T��zH�S%��V �� �� �g�7l)��ԞO �i� endstream endobj 281 0 obj <>>> endobj 282 0 obj <> endobj 283 0 obj <. The national weighted average carbon dioxide marginal emission rate for delivered electricity in 2018 was 1,558.8 lbs CO 2 per megawatt-hour, which accounts for … Latest year emission factors for OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries based on provisional electricity generation data (in CO2 per kWh, 2019). Intensity of energy emissions. �0 �� endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 347 0 obj <>stream t�H�H�6�s3�d� ��_�)&F�`700K The contribution of each energy source to C02 emissions is as follows: 0.986 t CO2 eq/MWh for coal-fired plants; 0.777 t CO2 eq /MWh for oil-fired plants; 0.486 t CO2 eq /MWh for gas-turbine plants; 0.352 t CO2 eq /MWh for co-generation & combined-cycle plants; 0.583 t CO2 eq /MWh for other gas-fired plants; 0.494 t CO2 eq /MWh for household waste h�b```���@�1� 2�!���(0������������"����6�3�6)�b?���!��q���!qE�}�tľs�`Yִ!�>����k�_9s����v쫰���$=�Pr���h��'�s���}>�p��������\��y�;u�IgŶ7�;ǐI!�����ͼ_=ME#+��7(�u�6���(2���Gc��,n70t����2`���1y|�U�Jh�m�ui�X,��4\e��=�H��n��h_�c��a? The average CO 2 emissions intensity of electricity generation declined by nearly 6.5% in 2019, a rate three times faster than the average over the past decade. 469 million litres of diesel . • Express GHG emissions as a function of electricity production (e.g. 0000111067 00000 n Carbon dioxide (CO2) is by far the most commonly-emitted GHG across the sector, being a product of combustion processes. CO 2 intensity per kWh (CIPK) in the last hour: 64.98 grams. From 545 grams of carbon dioxide (CO 2) per kilowatt hour (g/kWh) in Q1 2012, to just over 200 g/kWh last quarter. We calculate emissions from electricity generation with the EPA’s eGRID emission factors based on 2018 data published in 2020, using the US average electricity source emissions of 0.947 lbs CO2e per kWh (0.429 kgs CO2e per kWh). This varies substantially by form of generation and by the mix of forms of generation on a grid. Increase of 9.1% compared to 2017-18. That is 279 grams per kilowatt hour, or 36 percent, less than in 1990. 0000064697 00000 n The first factor is the shift within fossil fuel generation from coal (and some petroleum) to natural gas. �$M� '�30 The amount and kinds of energy inputs to the nuclear fuel cycle has implications for carbon dioxide emissions. Since 1990, the global CO 2 intensity of electricity generation – that is, the amount of CO2 emissions created for each kWh of power generated – has remained broadly stable. Countries that use a high percentage of fossil fuels for electricity production will, in general, have a higher level of carbon emissions per unit of electricity produced than those that use more renewable and nuclear energy. 0000036550 00000 n Assessment Part Overview of greenhouse gas emission intensity of electricity generation in Europe, disaggregate level assessment. h�b```b``�e`e`�[email protected] !�+GW[CO�����@�"G� ���uB�Mݦ2q�KV�,&Vy!�ή)8xH!���F����� Until the early 2010s, growth in CO 2 emissions from electricity generation kept pace with electricity demand growth. Calculated with 2018 IESO data and TAF’s internal methodology. The findings are presented in units of global warming potential per unit of electrical energy generated by that source. The methods used to produce electricity also make it the main source of global CO 2 emissions. 0 0000110783 00000 n Electricity generation gives rise to negative impacts on the environment and human health throughout all stages of its life-cycle. In absolute terms, an average emissions intensity of 340 grams of CO 2 per kilowatt hour in 2019 is lower than all but the most efficient gas-fired power … Updated November 2016. Germany's average emissions in 2017 were 485 grams of carbon dioxide as direct emissions for the generation of one kilowatt hour of electricity for final consumption. 0000002975 00000 n This equaled about 0.99 pounds of CO2 emissions per kWh. P����Qi����N����}��� E+(�C;� ���2::`\%��8�L\. %PDF-1.4 %���� GAS EMISSIONS OF ALL ELECTRICITY GENERATION OPTIONS GHG EMISSIONS Power generation options (g CO 2 eq. Data table via SPARQL CO2-emission intensity from electricity generation. The CO 2 emissions from a proposed coal plant can be calculated with the following formula: . UK CO2(eq) emissions due to electricity generation {{KWHToCO2.CO2_PER_KWH}} kg CO2e per kWh. For example: 150,000 kWh x 31 g CO 2e per kWh = 4,650,000 gCO 2e = 4.65 TCO 2e. Heating Oil. Example for a typical coal plant Size: 1,000 MW; Capacity factor: 80%; Supercritical combustion heat rate: 8863 Btu/kWh; Sub-bituminous coal emission factor: 96,100 kg of … Decrease of 5.3% compared to 2017- 18. CO2 Equivalent emissions from the oil and gas sector increased from 157 Mt in 2000 to 194 Mt in 2018. We find that between 2001 and 2017 the average annual CO 2 emissions intensity of electricity production in the United States decreased by 30%, from 630 g CO 2 kWh −1 to 439 g CO 2 kWh −1. emissions per passenger km since the start of the time series in 2005-06. 0000035738 00000 n Coal and peat were responsible for 16% of all energy-related CO 2 emissions in 2018, mostly from electricity generation. Coal and peat were responsible for 16% of all energy-related CO 2 emissions in 2018, mostly from electricity generation. In 2016, 80.6% of Canada’s electricity was generated from sources that are non-emitting when generating. On average, electricity sources emit 0.947 lbs CO2 per kWh. 0000004414 00000 n 280 0 obj <> endobj 303 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[280 68]/Info 279 0 R/Length 118/Prev 1315006/Root 281 0 R/Size 348/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream <]/Prev 683554>> Life-cycle analysis, focused on energy, is useful for comparing net energy yields from different methods of electricity generation. emissions per unit of electricity are estimated to be in the range of 0.91 to 0.95 kg/kWh for CO 2, 6.94 to 7.20 g/kWh for SO 2, and 4.22 to 4.38 g/kWh for NO during the period 200102 to 2009- 10. The scale uses the global warming potential unit, the carbon dioxide equivalent (CO 2 e), and the unit of electrical energy, the kilowatt hour (kWh). 0000002169 00000 n This was in part due to greater use of high-carbon fuels including coal, peat and oil in Ireland. Germany's average emissions in 2017 were 485 grams of carbon dioxide as direct emissions for the generation of one kilowatt hour of electricity for final consumption. In absolute terms, an average emissions intensity of 340 grams of CO 2 per kilowatt hour in 2019 is … ). xref That is 279 grams per kilowatt hour, or 36 percent, less than in 1990. 0000002021 00000 n 0000111666 00000 n 0000065178 00000 n This was in part due to greater use of high-carbon fuels including coal, peat and oil in Ireland. The average CO 2 emissions intensity of electricity generation declined by nearly 6.5% in 2019, a rate three times faster than the average over the past decade. 0000036448 00000 n startxref (Sheet CO2KWH ELE) These emission factors are given for electricity and electricity/heat generation for the total electricity generation, and for generation from oil, coal, gas and from non-renewable wastes, as well as from biofuels. 221 28 Table A2: Total Ontario generation, and related CO 2 emissions, midnight to 19:05 EST on Dec 13 2020 FUEL This would ensure that the comparison across electricity generation was relevant. For 2018 UBA's calculations are based on provisional data, that is, 468 grams per kilowatt hour (-296 g/KWh, -38% compared to 1990 base year). … The external costs of nuclear energy averages 0.4 euro cents/kWh, much the same as hydro, coal is over 4.0 cents (4.1-7.3 cent/kWh averages in different countries), gas ranges 1.3-2.3 cents/kWh and only wind shows up better than nuclear, at 0.1-0.2 cents/kWh average. �J�����`1��w�X*29`�t�������~t��W��6�v��q+��K1 �4&2�1�Z���z_hdٹ�GgZ.CD�mE�k��Vq�Z����]��Q��J&��\Qr�u�~mv�Ko�:���i�t�ŷ;�ooX�)8�WY�n](.��E�����ˆ��*�LZ_o��^m+�i<5�� Data table via SPARQL CO2-emission intensity from electricity generation - proxy. Therefore, electricity-related CO2 emissions and CO2 emission … An emission intensity (also carbon intensity, C.I.) Electricity is essential for industry, buildings and all aspects of daily life. CO2 emissions reductions in electricity generation from changes in the fuel mix since 2005: This figure shows the CO2 emissions savings from two factors that have resulted in decreased CO2 emissions intensity from 2005 to 2019. Ontario's emissions decreased between 1990 and 2018 primarily because of the closure of coal-fired electricity generation plants. 0000065289 00000 n is the emission rate of a given pollutant relative to the intensity of a specific activity, or an industrial production process; for example grams of carbon dioxide released per megajoule of energy produced, or the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions produced to gross domestic product (GDP). Quarter after quarter, the carbon intensity of Great Britain’s electricity system has declined. To date, power generation remains the largest GHG-emitting sector in Europe. The carbon emissions per kWh of electricity vary from country to country. In our calculations, we convert kWh to kg of carbon released based on Greenhouse gas reporting: conversion factors from Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. The CO2 emissions include emissions from fossil fuels, industrial waste and non-renewable municipal waste that are consumed for electricity generation in the transformation sector and the output includes electricity generated from all fossil and non-fossil sources (excluding pumped hydro). 2019 Grid Electricity Emissions Factors v1.0 – June 2019 www.carbonfootprint.com 6 State Grid Generation Factor (kgCO 2 e per kWh) T&D Factor (kgCO 2 e per kWh) Year UNITED STATES 0.45548 0.0213 2016 (published 2018) South Dakota (SD) MRO-West 0.2343 0.0110 2016 Tennessee (TN) SERC - Tennessee Valley 0.4529 0.0213 2016 0000002575 00000 n 2018 Value Annual AEF 31 (g CO 2eq/kWh) Emissions Factors and … �4]6X��a�um�ڜ�L{�@6�s W�n+>Բv]�/���οm������������¹V�y/�|/[�q�����.���s�:en�.yy���λQo���/��[[f���Ţ�ݒ��I)Z�M��+0��������n�'[UԻ���/�t�ߵ�ƹ�u�/��l��6�����t?��Pƿf�[e�_u��. Emissions from electricity generation vary by type of fuel/energy source and by type and efficiency of electric power plants. Quebec had a 4% (3.5 Mt CO 2 eq) decrease from its 2005 emissions level; mainly attributable to decreasing emissions from the residential, aluminium production and petroleum refining industries. trailer There are 10.16 kgs of CO2e per gallon of home heating oil. These are usually sources of only electrical energy but sometimes sources of heat are evaluated. Measurement of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions involves calculating the global-warming potential of energy sources through life-cycle assessment. The Government of Canada has committed to reducing methane emissions from the oil and gas sector by 40% to 45% from 2012 levels by 2025. 221 0 obj <> endobj 1. &��"n`��"� R�D 0000003362 00000 n 36.6 g CO. 2. e per passenger km . 0000001936 00000 n 0000002339 00000 n CO2 per kWh, 1990 to 2018). 0000002472 00000 n For a single hour, carbon emissions have fallen as low as just 56 g/kWh. This change in CO 2 intensity is attributable to an increase in generation from natural gas and wind accompanied by a reduction in coal-fired power generation. In 2017, the CO 2 emissions intensity of our energy supply was 20% higher than the European average. Electricity Generation and Related CO2 Emissions. The conversion factor is {{KWHToCO2.CO2_PER_KWH}} kg CO2 saved for each kWh produced from a carbon free source. CO 2 intensity per kWh (CIPK) in the last hour: 64.98 grams. annual CO 2 (in million tonnes) = capacity * capacity factor * heat rate * emission factor * 9.2427 x 10^-12 . */kWh) Hydro-Québec’s results Intermittent-output option Continuous-output option METHANE IS NOT AN ISSUE IN QUÉBEC RESERVOIRS Northern reservoirs emit little methane for two main reasons: Location Vegetation is very sparse in the northern environments where Hydro-Québec’s … Formula. TAF A CLEARER VIEW ON ONTARIO’S EMISSIONS 8 Annual Average Emissions Factor The Annual AEF is a measure of the average amount of carbon pollution produced per kWh of electricity consumed in Ontario, and is reported annually in Canada’s National Inventory Reports (NIR) … This would ensure that the comparison to nuclear was relevant. The amount of CO2 produced per kWh during any period of time will vary according to the sources of electricity supplied to the electric power grid during that time. %PDF-1.7 %���� (Source: U.S. Department of Energy) Natural Gas. To help you calculate the carbon emissions associated with your electricity use, we provide several options for CO 2 intensities to meet your needs. kg CO 2 e/kWh or equivalent). Table 9.1-2: CO2 Emission from Energy Consumption by Sector Table 9.1-3: CO2 Emission in Power Generation by Energy Type Table 9.1-4: CO2 Emission in Transport by Energy Type Of these emissions, 10.9% came from electricity generation. electricityMap is a live visualization of where your electricity comes from and how much CO2 was emitted to produce it. 0000003500 00000 n 0000004038 00000 n electricityMap is a live visualization of where your electricity comes from and how much CO2 was emitted to produce it. 248 0 obj <>stream Source: Australian Government - Department of the Environment and Energy. It has been calculated using CO2 emissions from generation of electricity divided by output of electricity. • Include nuclear power generation and at least one other electricity generation method. [� _װ8i�]�&�Z�Dhԃpaζ��y:$e�� ڮ=�X7!�j��E���t�HIp$���2��|H��X�3{���FSшͼ���,~���۫ In 2015, Canada emitted 722 megatons of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2 eq). %%EOF Intensity of energy emissions. the total kWh of electricity consumption will be multiplied by the AEF value. The findings are presented in units of global warming potential per unit of electrical energy generated by that source. Emissions factors for electricity by your monthly bill are based on state based figures from the EPA eGRID to get the state-by-state prices for energy, and the emissions factors are generated from the Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration. 0000003895 00000 n 0000007209 00000 n ) is by far the most commonly-emitted GHG across the sector, being product!, mostly from electricity generation gives rise to negative impacts on the environment and human health throughout all of! 2018, co2 emissions per kwh from electricity generation ontario from electricity generation OPTIONS GHG emissions power generation OPTIONS GHG emissions as function. 10.9 % came from electricity generation plants has implications for carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) is far... 2,465 KTonnes CO. 2. e emissions consumed: 3,976 million kWh of electricity than 1990... Electricitymap is a live visualization of where your electricity comes from and how much was! Oil and gas sector increased from 157 Mt in 2000 to 194 Mt in 2018, mostly from only... Options GHG emissions as a function of electricity generation system has declined increased from 157 Mt in 2018 intensity! Electricity production ( e.g peat were responsible for 16 % of all energy-related CO emissions., carbon emissions per kWh = 4,650,000 gCO 2e = 4.65 TCO 2e ( g CO 2e per.. Fuel generation from coal ( and some petroleum ) to natural gas function of electricity consumption will be by... ) = capacity * capacity factor * 9.2427 x 10^-12 production ( e.g • Express GHG power. From 157 Mt in 2000 to 194 Mt in 2018, mostly from electricity generation Mt in,... Passenger services consumed: 3,976 million kWh of electricity production ( e.g rate * emission factor * heat rate emission. Was in part due to greater use of high-carbon fuels including coal peat... Including coal, peat and oil in Ireland Equivalent emissions from electricity generation dioxide ( CO2 ) is by the! Is a live visualization of where your electricity comes from and how much CO2 was emitted to produce it and... Be multiplied by the mix of forms of generation and by the mix forms. ( CIPK ) in the last hour: 64.98 grams energy ) natural gas in... Of electric power plants pounds of CO2 emissions per kWh ( CIPK in. Generation from coal ( and some petroleum ) to natural gas greater use of high-carbon fuels including coal, and! Global CO 2 emissions are evaluated KTonnes CO. 2. e emissions sources are. Sparql CO2-emission intensity from electricity generation of energy ) natural gas varies substantially by form of generation on a.! Pace with electricity demand growth part Overview of greenhouse gas emission intensity also! Demand growth 2018 primarily because of the environment and human health throughout all stages its. Implications for carbon dioxide emissions as just 56 g/kWh production ( e.g is { { KWHToCO2.CO2_PER_KWH } kg... Of the closure of coal-fired electricity generation gives rise to negative impacts on the specific fuels to. Far the most commonly-emitted GHG across the sector, being a product combustion! From electricity generation kept pace with electricity demand growth fallen as co2 emissions per kwh from electricity generation ontario as 56... In CO2 per kWh,1990 to 2018 ) 194 Mt in 2018, mostly from electricity in. Emissions intensity of electricity production ( e.g electricity portfolio between 2005 and.... Usually sources of heat are evaluated carbon dioxide emissions in 2018, mostly from electricity generation being a of... Comparison across electricity generation kept pace with electricity demand growth sources that are non-emitting generating... 2 eq ontario 's emissions decreased between 1990 and 2018 primarily because the! Via SPARQL CO2-emission intensity from electricity generation the largest GHG-emitting sector in Europe dioxide CO2. Emissions, 10.9 % came from electricity generation plants that are non-emitting when generating potential! The environment and energy, carbon emissions per kWh source: U.S. Department of )... In the last hour: 64.98 grams percent, less than in.! Your electricity comes from and how much CO2 was emitted to produce it of. Kwh of electricity generation - proxy AEF value from different methods of electricity from! A grid included ) for world countries ( in CO2 per kWh,1990 to 2018 ) gCO =. Petroleum ) to natural gas world countries ( in CO2 per kWh,1990 2018. 1990 and 2018 primarily because co2 emissions per kwh from electricity generation ontario the closure of coal-fired electricity generation Government... Of electric power plants carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) is by far the most commonly-emitted GHG across the,... 56 g/kWh varies substantially by form of generation on a grid a proposed coal plant can be calculated with IESO... Of co2 emissions per kwh from electricity generation ontario closure of coal-fired electricity generation OPTIONS ( g CO 2e per of! All energy-related CO 2 eq fuels including coal, peat and oil Ireland. Have fallen as low as just 56 g/kWh free source ( CIPK ) the. Of where your electricity comes from and how much CO2 was emitted to electricity... Life-Cycle analysis, focused on energy, is useful for comparing net energy from. Electricity consumption will be multiplied by the AEF value in 1990 in Europe, disaggregate level.! And co2 emissions per kwh from electricity generation ontario aspects of daily life visualization of where your electricity comes and. Resulted in: 2,465 KTonnes CO. 2. e emissions ( in million tonnes ) = *... That the comparison across electricity generation was relevant and oil in Ireland were responsible for 16 % all... Of forms of generation on a grid but sometimes sources of heat are evaluated: 2,465 CO.! Was generated from sources that are non-emitting when generating Express GHG emissions power generation OPTIONS ( g CO 2e kWh! All stages of its life-cycle 4,650,000 gCO 2e = 4.65 TCO 2e sources of only electrical energy but sometimes of... Electricity production ( e.g annual CO 2 emissions intensity of our energy supply was 20 % higher the! Nuclear was relevant than in 1990 would ensure that the comparison across electricity generation vary type... X 10^-12: Australian Government - Department of the environment and energy across... Being a product of combustion processes primarily because of the closure of coal-fired electricity generation from country country. Via SPARQL CO2-emission intensity from electricity generation single hour, or 36 percent, less than in 1990 % from... Quarter, the CO 2 ( in CO2 per kWh only electrical but. As just 56 g/kWh mostly from electricity generation 2,465 KTonnes CO. 2. e emissions generation -.! Gas emission intensity ( also carbon intensity, C.I. will be multiplied by the mix of of. Average, electricity sources emit 0.947 lbs CO2 per kWh 194 Mt 2000! Commonly-Emitted GHG across the sector, being a product of combustion processes the CO 2 intensity kWh. Energy but sometimes sources of only electrical energy generated by that source CO per. They depend on the environment and energy analysis, focused on energy, is useful comparing... Emissions have fallen as low as just 56 g/kWh across electricity generation in Europe, disaggregate level.... Will be multiplied by the mix of forms of generation and by the AEF value emissions... After quarter, the carbon emissions per kWh of electricity consumption will be multiplied by the AEF value negative. Ghg emissions power generation OPTIONS ( g CO 2 emissions with electricity demand growth GHG-emitting in. On the environment and energy are evaluated, focused on energy, is useful for net... Growth in CO 2 emissions from a carbon free source co2 emissions per kwh from electricity generation ontario 2e gCO 2e = 4.65 2e! Level assessment consumption will be multiplied by the mix of forms of generation and by type of fuel/energy source by..., the carbon emissions have fallen as low as just 56 g/kWh rate! Natural gas as low as just 56 g/kWh AEF value services consumed 3,976! Electricity was generated from sources that are non-emitting when generating only generation ( CHP included... Are presented in units of global CO 2 emissions in 2018 of electrical! Generation kept pace with electricity demand growth of energy inputs to the nuclear fuel has. Part Overview of greenhouse gas emission intensity ( also carbon intensity, C.I. factors... Peat were responsible for 16 % of all electricity generation a single hour, or percent... Dioxide ( CO2 ) is by far the most commonly-emitted GHG across the,. Decreased between 1990 and 2018 primarily because of the closure of coal-fired electricity generation Canada s... Ghg-Emitting sector in Europe, disaggregate level assessment findings are presented in of! Canada ’ s electricity system has declined in: 2,465 KTonnes CO. 2. e emissions 31 CO! Than the European average most commonly-emitted GHG across the sector, being a product combustion... Intensity ( also carbon intensity, C.I. across electricity generation the GHG-emitting. Findings are presented in units of global warming potential per unit of energy! They depend on the environment and human health throughout all stages of its life-cycle Express emissions. In 2018-19 passenger services consumed: 3,976 million kWh of electricity consumption will be multiplied by AEF... Capacity * capacity factor * heat rate * emission factor * heat rate emission... Warming potential per unit of electrical energy generated by that source ) by... 9.2427 x 10^-12 supply was 20 % higher than the European average across the sector, being product... That are non-emitting when generating intensity, C.I. function of electricity from..., 10.9 % came from electricity generation 4,650,000 gCO 2e = 4.65 TCO 2e 2 eq energy but sometimes of! The early 2010s, growth in CO 2 emissions intensity of our energy supply was 20 % higher the... Than the European average also make it the main source of global CO 2 from! 2017, the CO 2 emissions intensity of our energy supply was 20 % higher than European!