He was also a critic of capitalism that was not controlled and he did not want people's basic rights to be oppressed by world governments. His visit encouraged Poles to oppose the communism, and in 1980 the Solidarity movement was born. “ It will be a great joy for us when he is officially beatified, but as far as we are concerned he is already a Saint. Fluent in seven modern languages and Latin, he was known as an avid traveler who had little fear of going out in public. [46] On 30 April 2000, John Paul instituted a Divine Mercy Holiday, according to the teachings of Saint Faustyna Kowalska and on that day she was also proclaimed a Saint of the Catholic Church. [47] The letter was from future Pope Benedict XVI - whom John Paul II had asked to handle such cases. This training was compulsory. Many people thought he should be given the title "Blessed". He was bishop of the Italian cities of Cervia and Vicenza before being made cardinal by Pope Eugenius IV in 1440. On the day that he officially became Pope, he spoke to people in Italian, English, German, French, Spanish, Czech and Portuguese. Blessed John Paul died at the age of 84 at the Vatican April 2, 2005, the vigil of Divine Mercy Sunday. They lived in that area. The Feast of the Mercy of God is continuously growing worldwide. All men, except for the disabled, had to have a job. John Paul II became the first Pope to visit Greece in 1291 years. Exactly one year later he traveled to Fatima to thank Mary, Mother of God for saving his life. All these travels were paid by the money of the countries he visited and not by the Vatican. [29] He visited Umayyad Mosque, where John the Baptist is believed to be buried.[30]. [49] Some Catholics wanted the process for making John Paul II a saint stopped, until there was an investigation into his role in keeping secret information about bad priests. [43] He was against abortion and contraception in general. After this the Pope often travelled in a bullet-proof trailer known as the "popemobile." VATICAN CITY - During his 27-year pontificate, Pope John Paul II canonized so many people that some dubbed the Vatican "the saint factory". After a little less than half an hour, at 6:45 p.m., Cardinal proto-deacon Pericles Felici announced the election of Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, under the name of John Paul II, as the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church, the Bishop of Rome and successor of Peter. John Paul II was canonized by Pope Francis on 27 April 2014 which means that the Polish Pope is now known as Saint John Paul II. His parents were Karol Wojtyła, who was an military officer, and Emilia Kaczorowska, who was a seamstress. John Paul II has been credited with being instrumental in bringing down Communism in Central and Eastern Europe, by being the spiritual inspiration behind its downfall and catalyst for "a peaceful revolution" in Poland. This means that the Pope gave these people the title of "Blessed". [22] He also spoke a little Lithuanian, Hungarian, Russian and Ukrainian. [16] He gave her food and helped her go to the railway station. One of John Paul II's earliest official visits was to his home country of Poland, in June 1979. He also worked in a limestone quarry, and then as a salesman for a chemical factory. There are many people who believe that the Church, and therefore the Pope, knew about these claims and tried to cover them up. He is also famous for starting the annual World Youth Day. Karol Wojtyła was ordained as a priest by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha[20] on 1 November 1946. He was the first reigning pope to travel to the United Kingdom, where he met Queen Elizabeth II, the Supreme Governor of the Church of England. In 1962 he took part in the Second Vatican Council and helped write two very important documents. He lost everyone in his family - a sister, brother, mother, and father - before he became a priest. [30][32] He said Mass in local languages during some visits, including Kiswahili in Nairobi, Kenya in 1995 and in an Indonesian language in East Timor. He liked football (soccer)[12] as a goalkeeper. [21] He was also the first and only Slavic pope. The Pope had tracheotomy surgery in mid February but it did not help and he lost weight. "St. John Paul II, the patron saint of families", "John Paul II proclaimed the patron saint of Świdnica", "Trecastelli celebra il suo patron ricordando Giovanni Paolo II", "Il santo patrono del nuovo commune è Giovanni Paolo II", https://www.philmass.com/Asia/Philippines/Cavite/Tanza/Roman-Catholic-Churches/St.-John-Paul-II-Parish/mass-schedule.html, "Important Dates In The Life Of Pope John Paul II", "Vatican declares Popes John Paul II and John XXIII saints", "His Holiness John Paul II: Short Biography", "Pope John Paul II, The early years: an unhappy childhood", "THE DEATH OF POPE JOHN PAUL II: `He saved my life - with tea, bread'", " The Polish Seminary Student and the Jewish Girl He Saved", "1979: Millions cheer as the Pope comes home", from "On This Day", 2 June 1979, BBC News", "Address of John Paul II to the Melkite Greek Catholics", "Beatifications During Pope John Paul II's Pontificate, 1988", "Pope John Paul II - Address at Omayyad Mosque of Damascus - 6 May 2001", "Pope John Paul injured in 1982 knife attack, says aide", "John Paul was wounded in 1982 stabbing, aide reveals", "After 26-year reign, pontiff dies at 84, at CNN", "Pope John Paul II dies in Vatican, at BBC", "St. Pope John Paul II - Saints & Angels", "Religion: Berating Marxism's False Hopes", "Evangelium Vitae, Encyclica of John Paul II, 1995; Website of the Vatican", "Considerations regarding propositions to give legal recognition to unions between homosexual persons, Congregation of the Docrtrine of the Faith, Vatican, 2003", "Vatican officials told Irish not to report child abuse", "Colombian cardinal: Pope authorized support for pedophile cover-up - Colombia news | Colombia Reports", "ZENIT - Vatican Study on Sex Abuse; 'The Passion's' Casting Director", "Sex abuse scandals line John Paul's road to sainthood - International Business Times", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_John_Paul_II&oldid=7170012, Articles containing Italian-language text, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. He was pope for 26 years, making him the second longest serving pope after Pope Pius IX who held the office for 31 years and seven months. Pope Francis from Argentina followed Benedict. Warsaw had become a sea of people, as an estimated three million Poles turned out to be with the pope. II; Polish: Jan Paweł II GMD; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), sometimes called Saint John Paul or John Paul the Great, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (Polish: [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛf vɔjˈtɨwa]; 18 May 1920 â€“ 2 April 2005), was the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church from 16 October 1978 to his death in 2 April 2005. During John Paul's time as pope, the church was involved in a large number of claims about child sexual abuse by priests. John Paul is also remembered for his devotion to the Consecrated Holy Communion, the Holy Body and Blood of Christ. One was about Religious freedom and the other one was about the work of the church in the Modern World. John Paul II was the most traveled pope in history with 104 international trips. This page was last changed on 5 November 2020, at 10:49. John Paul II became Pope on 16 October 1978. He was against homosexuality, and in favour of people starting families as one husband and one wife. His brother was a doctor. One example is the painter Fra Angelico, who lived in the 1400s. [7] The last non-Italian pope was Pope Adrian VI, who died in 1523. [11] He was nine years old when his mother died in 1929. After he was beatified, his title was changed to Blessed John Paul II. John Paul II gave more people the title of "Blessed" than any other pope in history. [15], That month, Wojtyła found a fourteen-year-old Jewish refugee named Edith Zierer. He thought he would be badly treated. Like him, John Paul II liked to travel. The official time of death on his death certificate was 9:37 pm,[39][40] but a few sources reported 9:33 pm. [9] He traveled more than any other pope before him, visiting many of the countries of the world. He was also the first and only Slavic pope. John Paul II spoke his final words, “pozwólcie mi odejść do domu Ojca”, (“Let me depart to the house of the Father”), to his aides, and fell into a coma about four hours later. It was the largest papal conclave in history and the first since 1721 in which three future popes participated. While he was pope, he made 105 trips, visiting 117 countries. In 1958, Wojtyła then became the youngest bishop in Poland at the age of 38. On 26 June 1967, Pope Paul VI raised Archbishop Wojtyła's rank to the rank of a cardinal.[11]. [44] As head of the largest Christian group, John Paul II taught a conservative theological view of human sexuality. On 13 May 2005, Pope Benedict XVI cut short the usual 5-year wait for the beatification process to begin. This is considered to be the largest single event in Christian history. The German officers sent him to a hospital. Pope John Paul Paul II WAS the last non-Italian pope in 450 years. John Paul II's 1979 trip was the fulcrum of revolution which led to the collapse of Communism. The Soviet Union had controlled Eastern Europe for many years. Pope John Paul II reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State for 26 years from October 1978 to his death, on 2 April 2005. Lech Wałęsa, the founder of Solidarity and the first post-Communist President of Poland, credited John Paul II with giving Poles the courage to demand change. [50], Peter Linus Anacletus (Cletus) Clement I Evaristus Alexander I Sixtus I Telesphorus Hyginus Pius I Anicetus Soter Eleuterus Victor I Zephyrinus Callixtus I Urban I Pontian Anterus Fabian Cornelius Lucius I Stephen I Sixtus II Dionysius Felix I Eutychian Caius Marcellinus Marcellus I Eusebius Miltiades Sylvester I Mark, Julius I Liberius Damasus I Siricius Anastasius I Innocent I Zosimus Boniface I Celestine I Sixtus IIILeo I Hilarius Simplicius Felix III Gelasius I Anastasius II Symmachus Hormisdas John I Felix IV Boniface II John II Agapetus I Silverius Vigilius Pelagius IJohn III Benedict I Pelagius II Gregory I Sabinian Boniface III Boniface IV Adeodatus I, Boniface V Honorius I Severinus John IV Theodore I Martin I Eugene IVitalian Adeodatus II Donus Agatho Leo II Benedict II John V Conon Sergius I John VI John VII Sisinnius Constantine Gregory II Gregory IIIZachary Stephen II Paul I Stephen III Adrian I Leo III Stephen IV Paschal I Eugene II Valentine Gregory IV, Sergius II Leo IV Benedict III Nicholas I Adrian II John VIII Marinus I Adrian III Stephen V Formosus Boniface VI Stephen VI Romanus Theodore II John IX Benedict IV Leo V Sergius III Anastasius III Lando John X Leo VI Stephen VII John XI Leo VII Stephen VIII Marinus II Agapetus II John XII Benedict V Leo VIII John XIII Benedict VI, Benedict VII John XIV John XV Gregory V Sylvester II John XVII John XVIII Sergius IV Benedict VIII John XIX Benedict IXa Sylvester III Benedict IXa Gregory VI Clement II Benedict IXa Damasus II Leo IX Victor II Stephen IX Nicholas II Alexander II Gregory VII Victor III Urban II Paschal II Gelasius II Callixtus II Honorius II Innocent II Celestine II Lucius II Eugene III, Anastasius IV Adrian IV Alexander III Lucius III Urban III Gregory VIII Clement III Celestine III Innocent III Honorius III Gregory IX Celestine IV Innocent IV Alexander IV Urban IV Clement IV Gregory X Innocent V Adrian V John XXIb Nicholas III Martin IV Honorius IV Nicholas IV Celestine V Boniface VIII Benedict XIb Clement V John XXII Benedict XII Clement VI Innocent VI Urban V, Gregory XI Urban VI Boniface IX Innocent VII Gregory XII Martin V Eugene IV Nicholas V Callixtus III Pius II Paul II Sixtus IV Innocent VIII Alexander VI Pius III Julius II Leo X Adrian VI Clement VII Paul III Julius III Marcellus II Paul IV Pius IV Pius V Gregory XIII Sixtus V Urban VII Gregory XIV Innocent IX Clement VIII Leo XI Paul V, Gregory XV Urban VIII Innocent X Alexander VII Clement IX Clement X Innocent XI Alexander VIII Innocent XII Clement XI Innocent XIII Benedict XIII Clement XII Benedict XIV Clement XIII Clement XIV Pius VI Pius VII Leo XII Pius VIII Gregory XVI Pius IX Leo XIII Pius X Benedict XV Pius XI Pius XII John XXIII Paul VI John Paul I John Paul IIBenedict XVIFrancis, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. VATICAN CITY, April 2, 2005 — -- Pope John Paul II died today at age 84, Vatican officials said. In 1982, the Pope made a visit to Japan, and in 1984 to South Korea and Puerto Rico. After the fourth ballot was submitted, Cardinal Albino Luciani was elected as the next Bishop of Rome. This usually takes at least five years (and may take hundreds of years). Saint John Paul II, the bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church (1978–2005), the first non-Italian pope in 455 years and the first from a Slavic country. John Paul II went to places where other popes before him had already been, such as the United States, or The Holy Land. There, he was always surrounded by happy, cheering crowds. Pope John Paul II with Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger during his papal inauguration Oct. 22, 1978, in Vatican City.The pope emeritus wrote a letter to … [36][37][38] He was overpowered by the bodyguards of the Pope. Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannis Pauli PP. He died when Wojtyła was twelve. Pope John Paul II arrived in Warsaw on June 2, 1979. John Paul II beatified many people. Though the government was not a strong proponent to the Catholic Church, the Polish people were still among the most Catholic in the world. [35], On 13 May 1981, the Pope was shot twice in the abdomen by a Turkish national, Mehmet Ali Ağca. As a Pole, he was the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. She did not hear of him again until the day came when he was elected Pope.[17][18][19]. He did two months military training in the Academic Legion. After studying his life and teaching, it was decided that he should officially be called "the Blessed Fra Angelico". The only other time (in recent history) that this has happened was for Mother Theresa, who was made Blessed Mother Theresa by John Paul II. The visit was … His father supported him so that he could study. [28] He was the first Catholic Pope to visit and pray in an Islamic mosque, in Damascus, Syria in 2001. John Paul II became Pope on 16 October 1978. Wojtyła offered to clean out the lavatories. John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. By the late 1970s the dissolution of the Soviet Union had been predicted by some observers. Lefevbre and his followers were against the decisions of the Second Vatican Council. FILE PHOTO: Pope John Paul II and Archbishop of Washington, Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, give their blessing at the end of the weekly general audience at the Paul … [24] The Pope wanted to bring freedom and human rights to his country. John Paul II, once the spiritual leader of almost 600 million Roman Catholics around the world, was invested in 1978 as the first Polish pope and the first non-Italian pope in 456 years. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [25] During his visit in January 1998, he sharply criticized Cuba for not allowing people to freely express their religion. She was trying to reach her parents. The Pope's medical team used heart-monitoring machinery for more than 20 minutes, so his real and true time of death was around 9:15 PM Vatican time. She had collapsed from hunger. He was from Poland and was followed by Pope Benedict XVI from Germany. Pope John Paul II was the first non- Italian pope in 455 years, also the first from a Slavic country. The priests and teacher and students went back to the seminary. He officially condemned aspects of Liberation theology. The report devotes a good deal of attention to John Paul II and the pivotal years of McCarrick’s rise, but it also portrays Pope Benedict XVI as trying to … CNA Staff, Dec 12, 2020 / 01:15 am MT ().-Hundreds of professors have signed an appeal defending St. John Paul II following criticism of the Polish pope in the wake of the McCarrick Report. He was the second longest-serving pope in history. He also made many saints. On 29 February 1944, Wojtyła was knocked down by a German truck (lorry). It encourages young people to be faithful to God, and to live together in peace. It was announced on 14 January 2011, that John Paul II would be beatified on 1 May 2011 (Divine Mercy Sunday). The pope was gravely injured. Pope John Paul II died more than 15 years ago, but people still try to get their hands on relics of the Polish pontiff when they can—even his blood. On the night of 17 January 1945, the Germans left the city. John Paul died on Saturday, on the eve of the Divine Mercy Holiday, 2 April 2005. That move came after Francis made the late John Paul II a saint in 2014. John Paul II was generally against communism. [48] In 2001 John Paul II sent out a special letter saying that the abuse of children by priests was a very serious crime, and should be strictly punished. It was at this time that he decided that he must become a priest. On later trips to Poland, he made his message of support stronger. According to Wałęsa, "Before his pontificate, the worl… For example, in 1996 the Irish bishops decided that priests suspected of child abuse must be reported to the police. [34], Many people claimed to have been specially blessed by the reign of Pope John Paul II. In 1938, he studied drama at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. This was the first time two popes have been made saints on the same day. He is the first ever pope to visit the White House,[8] and a mosque. For 455 years, the Catholic Church had only Italian Pope’s. The pontiff spent three weeks in the hospital before being released fully recovered from his wounds. Pope John Paul II's elevation of Theodore McCarrick is only one of his unfortunate and misguided actions. March 16, 2004 - With 25 years and 5 months as pope, John Paul II becomes the third longest serving pontiff in history, behind St. Peter's 32 years and Pope Pius IX's 31 years 7 months. He was the first pope to visit Cuba. When he was young, he met many Jewish people. In 1984 John Paul II started World Youth Day which was first held in Rome and attended by about 300,000 people. [47] John Paul II is also claimed to have got a cardinal to send a thank you letter to a French bishop who had refused to report a priest to the police. [10], Karol Józef Wojtyła was born on 18 May 1920 in Wadowice, Poland. "Pope John Paul II became 'convinced of the truth' of McCarrick's denial," the report said. If he was sent, he would be made to join the German army. He has covered a dozen wars or major conflicts including the Black September, Bangladesh, Intifada,... Help support true facts by becoming a member. The cause of death were that his kidneys failed, causing blood poisoning and infection brought by septic shock. Many millions of people have attended. Oct. 17 marked the 100th anniversary of the birth of Albino Luciani, the man who would become John Paul I, the "Smiling Pope" of just 33 days, from Aug. 26 to Sept. 28, 1978. He was pope for 26 years, making him the second longest serving pope after Pope Pius IX who held the office for 31 years and seven months. His pontificate of more than 26 years was the third longest in history. [11] He worked as a volunteer librarian. In 1981, John Paul II appointed Ratzinger head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith—formerly called the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office, and … [14] He also criticised the United States embargo against Cuba. Evidence shows church officials knew about his wrongdoing for years, and last year Pope … He escaped to the house of the Archbishop. John Paul II was the most traveled pope in history with 104 international trips. He had forgiven him already. Enter Pope John Paul II and this centuries’ long tradition changed. He also went to many countries that no pope had ever visited before. [34] He visited many shrines consecrated to her, notably Knock in Ireland, Licheń Stary in Poland, Fátima in Portugal, Guadalupe in Mexico and Lourdes in France. A follower of the French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre tried to hurt the Pope with a bayonet. Pope John Paul II, the first non-Italian Pope in 455 years, was from the communist occupied Poland, a country whose beliefs were in complete contradiction to those of the Church. As is Vatican custom, the College of Cardinals went into the conclave and began to decide who would be the next pope. Paul II, original name Pietro Barbo, (born Feb. 23, 1417, Venice—died July 26, 1471, Rome), Italian pope from 1464 to 1471.. Since then it has been held in a different country every year. He would not hold or fire a weapon.[14]. He hid there till after the war. Ecclesiastical and theological contributions, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-John-Paul-II. Since his death, many thousands of people have been supporting the case for beatifying and canonising Pope John Paul II as a saint. [11] His father died of a heart attack in February 1941. In 1989, Poland was the first country to begin to break free from the Soviet Union. He barely survived the assassination attempt, and had to be treated in hospital for 20 days. [33], During his trips, the Pope always showed his devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. There was a big clean-up to be done. His feast day is celebrated on 22 October.[42]. He also had an enlarged prostate, urinary infection and other problems. After the attacks on 11 September 2001, even though people were worried about his safety, the Pope traveled to Kazakhstan and spoke to large audiences including many Muslims. [14]. [31] On 15 January 1995, during the 10th World Youth Day, he offered Mass to an estimated crowd of between four and eight million in Luneta Park, Manila, Philippines. [14], On this trip there was a second attempt to his life. Timothy Garton Ash put it this way, "Without the Pope, no Solidarity. From 1940 to 1944, Wojtyła worked in a restaurant. This does not include St. Peter, who was not an elected pope. He did not want to be sent to Germany. During his lifetime he learned many foreign languages. Four days after being shot, he offered forgiveness to his would-be assassin from his hospital bed. Wherever he went, he attracted large crowds. [45] But he said that homosexuals have the same inherent dignity and rights as everybody else. The pope later visited Ağca in prison. According to the Vatican, Pope John Paul II's remains (which will not be exhumed and exposed) will be moved from the grotto beneath St. Peter's Basilica, where he is presently buried, to a marble stone monument in Pier Paolo Cristofari's Chapel of St. Sebastian, which is where Blessed Pope Innocent XI is currently buried; Blessed Pope Innocent's remains will likely be moved. The death certificate stated that when the Pope died, he had Parkinson's disease,[41] with serious breathing difficulties. In 1978, Pope Paul VI died. He was an athlete, actor, and playwright. In 1988 he made a trip to Lesotho to beatify Joseph Gérard. He played sports. —Stanisław Dziwisz [189]. Pope John Paul II was born in 1920 in Wadowice, Poland- he was named Karol Józef Wojtyla. In 1963 Bishop Wojtyła became Archbishop of Kraków. On 30 September 2013, Pope Francis said that John Paul, together with Pope John XXIII, would be made saints on 27 April 2014. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He spent two weeks there with head and shoulder injuries. Without Solidarity, no Gorbachev. The Vatican sent a letter to the bishops that they were not to report such cases. The longest reigning pope in modern history, John Paul II, took his message on the road, visiting 129 countries --several repeatedly -- on 104 trips and logging more than 700,000 miles in a papacy that lasted more than 27 years. In 1939, Nazi forces closed the Jagiellonian University. Now, the Polish pope's own legacy is under a shadow and some Catholics are asking if declaring him a saint in 2014, a record nine years after his death, may have been a hasty decision. He was canonized in … When he left hospital, the young Polish men were being sent to Germany for training. ” This more prominent location, next to the Chapel of the Pieta, the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament and statues of Popes Pius XI and Pius XII, will increase the number of pilgrims capable of viewing his memorial. Hundreds of thousands of people lined the route from the airport to the inner city just to catch a glimpse of Pope John Paul II. [23] In total he travelled more than 1.1 million km (725,000 miles). Veteran foreign and domestic correspondent Bill Blakemore joined ABC News in 1970 in the Mideast and India. [26] In 2000, he became the first modern Catholic pope to visit Egypt,[27] and met with the Coptic Pope,[27] and the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria. Pope John Paul I was the pope for only about 33-34 days (about a month) from August 26 1978 to September 28 1978 Pope John Paul II was pope for about 25 … He was the youngest of three children. He also went to Armenia, to participate in the celebration of the 1700 years of Christianity. "However, Pope John Paul II seems to have changed his mind in August/September 2000, ultimately leading to his decision to appoint McCarrick to Washington in … He spoke Polish as his native language, and learned Latin and Ancient Greek in school. As tradition demands, his name was called three times. On the subject he wrote 130 topics called the Theology of the Body. [13], Wojtyła went to Marcin Wadowita high school in Wadowice. 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Third longest in history and the other one was about Religious freedom and the first 1721. The report said treated in hospital for 20 days Karol Józef Wojtyla German truck ( lorry.... In favour of people have been supporting the case for beatifying and canonising pope Paul. The pope died, he made his message of support stronger supported him that... Paul VI he visited and not by the bodyguards of the World the most traveled pope in and... Septic shock first non-Italian pope in 455 years kidneys failed, causing poisoning.

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