We aren’t trying to build a causal relationship here. These are hard-won guidelines, developed by professional academic writers over the years of researching, writing, and editing. But are your definition and the student’s definition the same? Empirical Political Analysis: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. Certainly each question may have additional strengths and weaknesses not noted in the table. Quantitative descriptive questions are helpful for community scans but cannot investigate causal relationships between variables. You may want to focus on a potential cause of homelessness such as LGBTQ discrimination that you find interesting or relevant to your practice. Home; Read; Sign in; Search in book: Search [email protected] Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications. This guide is for the online class S371 taught by Jill Chonody. Discussion Toggle Menu. The student in our example could pick a specific household task that was interesting to them or that the literature indicated was important—for example, childcare. All aspects of the study are carefully designed before data is collected. The discussion should be presented in the present tense. Make sure that non-textual elements do not stand in isolation from the text but are being used to supplement the overall description of the results and to help clarify key points being made. A descriptive study is governed by the following rules: subjects are generally measured once; the intention is to only establish associations between variables; and, the study may include a sample population of hundreds or thousands of subjects to ensure that a valid estimate of a generalized relationship between variables has been obtained. Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. 2: Quantitative research deals in numbers, logic, and an objective stance. Quantitative explanatory questions must include an independent and dependent variable. 12th ed. Types of quantitative research questions. Indiana University Northwest Indiana University Northwest IU Northwest, This page is courtesy of University of Southern California: http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=615867. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Based on research regarding social work with older people this paper presents the historical aspect of older people's position within the development of institutional care for older people in Slovenia. In exploratory research, the researcher doesn’t quite know the lay of the land yet. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. What are the internal and external effects/problems associated with children witnessing domestic violence? Quantitative descriptive questions like this one are helpful in social work practice as part of community scans, in which human service agencies survey the various needs of the community they serve. Conclusion 7 Signs of Good Social Work Research Topics Introduction The editorial board of a journal wants to make sure their content will be useful to as many people as possible, so it’s not surprising that quantitative research dominates the academic literature. Things to keep in mind when reporting the results of a study using quantiative methods: NOTE:  When using pre-existing statistical data gathered and made available by anyone other than yourself [e.g., government agency], you still must report on the methods that were used to gather the data and describe any missing data that exists and, if there is any, provide a clear explanation why the missing datat does not undermine the validity of your final analysis. You need to know enough about your topic to clearly address the concepts within it. The research study can usually be replicated or repeated, given its high reliability. My standard format for an explanatory quantitative research question is: “What is the relationship between [independent variable] and [dependent variable] for [target population]?” You should play with the wording for your research question, revising it as you see fit. Table 8.1 does just that. For more information contact us at [email protected] or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Quantitative research question Example No. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Quantitative descriptive questions will often ask for percentage, count the number of instances of a phenomenon, or determine an average. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. In quantitative studies, it is common to use graphs, tables, charts, and other non-textual elements to help the reader understand the data. Questions should ask about the relationship between these variables. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage, 2010; Muijs, Daniel. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Department of Biology. What causes or effects are you interested in? Why are mental health rates higher in white foster children then African Americans and other races? Make yourself a cup of coffee and consider our advice. Effective, Effectiveness, Useful, Efficient. In qualitative research, you may create open-ended research questions, while in quantitative analysis, you can only create closed questions such as questions that are answerable with multiple choices. International Journal of Educational Science 1 (2009): 19-32; Ouyang, Ronghua (John). 1: Research topic: Physical exercise and heart diseases. Types of quantitative research questions with examples: What causes foster children who are transitioning to adulthood to become homeless, jobless, pregnant, unhealthy, etc.? R. and Peter Airasain. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is an important descriptive question. Quantitative research designs are either descriptive [subjects usually measured once] or experimental [subjects measured before and after a treatment]. The overarching aim of a quantitative research study is to classify features, count them, and construct statistical models in an attempt to explain what is observed. Discuss in detail and provide one common social work example in your discussion. Examples of quantitative research questions in social work Friday the 18th Gabriel The lovesong of j alfred prufrock analysis essay rubrics for research papers high school gandhi ji essay in english essay free scholarships. Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. Before designing a quantitative research study, you must decide whether it will be descriptive or experimental because this will dictate how you gather, analyze, and interpret the results. For quantitative business research it is imperative that the research questions used allow your respondents to answer succinctly. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon. Quantitative Research Questions: Usually start with ‘ how,’ ‘what’ or ‘why’. Therefore, there is need for students and social work practitioners to undertake a lot of research in this area of study. An Overview of Quantitative Research in Compostion and TESOL. Skip to content. Discussions should be analytic, logical, and comprehensive. London: Sage, 1999; Gay,L. How to structure quantitative research questions. We begin this chapter by examining a general model for understanding where different types of questions fit into the larger picture of knowledge building explored in Module 1. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples 1. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. Look at connections, relations or comparisons between variables. Try to choose one or a handful that you consider to be the most important. An experimental design includes subjects measured before and after a particular treatment, the sample population may be very small and purposefully chosen, and it is intended to establish causality between variables. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples. The data is usually gathered using structured research instruments. First, qualitative research questions often ask about lived experience, personal experience, understanding, meaning, and stories. Types of quantitative research question. Effectiveness is meaningless on its own. It can be challenging in social work research to be this specific, particularly when you are just starting out your investigation of the topic. Because qualitative research is more concerned with understanding an event or phenomenon, its open-ended research questions focus more on a group’s experience than on statistics or numbers.. Qualitative research is primarily used in social sciences and includes surveys, case studies, focus groups, and ethnography studies. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. While reading the table, keep in mind that I have only noted what I view to be the most relevant strengths and weaknesses of each question. Department of Biology. What causes and effects are important, based on the literature in your topic area? Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques. Reduced symptoms of a mental health issue? In Chapter 2, we discussed clinical foreground questions to guide an EBP inquiry. Among the social work problems examined are isolation of the chronically ill, child welfare, sexual abuse, and what happens when the homeless apply for welfare. You are often drawing your conclusions by manipulating the independent variable and observing the effects on the dependent variable (DV). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merril Prentice Hall, 2003; Hector, Anestine. Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. But all research questions should be focused, specific, appropriately complex, and relevant to a social or scholarly issue. Boston, MA: Longman, 2011; McNabb, David E. Research Methods in Public Administration and Nonprofit Management: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. We’re simply trying to describe how much debt MSW students carry. In this research method, researchers and statisticians deploy mathematical frameworks and … Most social work is not basic research. The discussion should meld together your findings in relation to those identified in the literature review, and placed within the context of the theoretical framework underpinning the study. The guidelines for research questions previously described in this chapter still apply, but there are some new elements to qualitative research questions that are not present in quantitative questions. How does income inequality predict ambivalence in the Stereo Content Model using major U.S. cities as target populations? 7th edition. Missed the LibreFest? Broad questions like “What are the causes of chronic homelessness, and what can be done to prevent it?” are common at the beginning stages of a research project. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. Sharpe, 2008; Quantitative Research Methods. At this very beginning point in your social work course, and in groups of four, design a quantitative research study that proposes to answer a social work–related research question of your choice. The methods section should be presented in the past tense. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2007. Quantitative descriptive questions. The methods section of a quantitative study should describe how each objective of your study will be achieved. Bates College; Nenty, H. Johnson. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! The goal is to make the research question reflect what you really want to know in your study. The topic concerning the nature of social work research questions has two parts: what constitutes a researchquestion, and what makes it a social workquestion. Research question: How does an increase in physical exercise result in a decrease in potential heart diseases? The finding of your study should be written objectively and in a succinct and precise format. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage, 2010; Brians, Craig Leonard et al. Have questions or comments? There is no "one best way" to structure a quantitative research question. Dissertations that are based on a quantitative research design attempt to answer at least one quantitative research question.In some cases, these quantitative research questions will be followed by either research hypotheses or null hypotheses.However, this article focuses solely on quantitative research questions. Results If you need help writing your assignment, please use our research paper writing service and buy a paper on any topic at affordable price. How does race impact rates of mental health diagnosis for children in foster care? Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS. Considers relationships among multiple concepts. Table 8.2 contains some “watch words” that indicate you may need to be more specific about the concepts in your research question. They are extremely large scale and can be sent out to almost anyone, most people have participated in a survey in their lifetime. Quantitative research focuses on numberic and unchanging data and detailed, convergent reasoning rather than divergent reasoning [i.e., the generation of a variety of ideas about a research problem in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner]. A good research question should also be specific and clear about the concepts it addresses. Instead, social work is an ideology committed discipline in which practitioners and researchers have a duty to promote justice and improve welfare. Don’t assume that your reader understands what you mean by “and so forth.”, Describe how research questions for exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory quantitative questions differ and how to phrase them, Identify the differences between and provide examples of strong and weak explanatory research questions. A QUANTITATIVE STUDY: ON SOCIAL WORKERS’ AWARENESS IN IDENTIFYING HUMAN TRAFFICKED VICTIMS A Project Presented to the Faculty of California State University, San Bernardino In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Social Work by Gracie Raya Wangsnes June 2014 Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. Researcher uses tools, such as questionnaires or computer software, to collect numerical data. Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples. Legal. Quantitative data is easier to measure using statistical analysis, because you can (usually) assign numeric values and directly compare different answers to the same questions. The results are based on larger sample sizes that are representative of the population. Quantitative descriptive questions are arguably the easiest types of questions to formulate. The only way to ensure your study stays focused and clear is to be specific about what you mean by a concept. Most studies you read in the academic literature will be quantitative and explanatory. How does income inequality affect ambivalence in high-density urban areas? Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Structurally, quantitative explanatory questions must contain an independent variable and dependent variable. It covers the following information: Methodology The introduction to a quantitative study is usually written in the present tense and from the third person point of view. Research objective: To determine the relationship between physical exercise and heart diseases. By the end of this post, you will have a perfect social work research topic or at least a clear way to devise it. This sample Social Work Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Researcher has a clearly defined research question to which objective answers are sought. The concept of empowerment allows social work researchers, particularly qualitative researchers, to work towards these goals via their research. Not specific and clear about the concepts it addresses. Any option is probably okay, as long as the researcher is clear on what they mean by “household tasks.”. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Once you’ve read our guide on how to write a research question, use these examples to work out if your question is strong enough. 8th ed. Quantitative research designs are either. Armonk, NY: M.E. "Writing a Quantitative Research Thesis." A descriptive study establishes only associations between variables; an experimental study establishes causality. If you need a guide in doing your research, here are 10+ Quantitative research examples you can use. A Quantitative research method is surveys. If someone is proposing to conduct an exploratory quantitative project, the watch words highlighted in Table 8.2 are not problematic at all. Social Work is an essential component in our day to day life. Be sure to provide enough detail to enable the reader can make an informed assessment of the methods being used to obtain results associated with the research problem. the most important indicators of a quality social work PhD program. [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "authorname:mdecarlo" ]. What is the relationship between sexual orientation or gender identity and homelessness for late adolescents in foster care? The full list of items/indicators spanned the realms of research, teaching, social work as a discipline, and program resources. Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. Quantitative questions will result in data that is easy to convert into objective, numbers-based analysis. Let’s take a look at a few more examples of possible research questions and consider the relative strengths and weaknesses of each. Descriptive questions may only include one variable, such as ours about debt load, or they may include multiple variables. A student investigating gender and household tasks knows what they mean by “household tasks.” You likely also have an impression of what “household tasks” means. Some research articles omit a statement of purpose and state only research questions, but in many cases researchers use research questions to add greater specificity to a global purpose statement. Using the empirical research article that your instructor approved in the Week 5 assignment, ask yourself: “Is this a quantitative research article or a qualitative research article?” Remember, in quantitative research, the emphasis is on measuring social phenomenon because it is assumed that everything can be observed, measured, and quantified. Why is that? Quantitative descriptive questions. Quantitative research focuses on numberic and unchanging data and detailed, convergent reasoning rather than divergent reasoning [i.e., the generation of a variety of ideas about a research problem in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner]. The HIGHEST RATED item on the survey was: “GRADUATES UNDERSTAND WHAT MAKES A GOOD SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH QUESTION”. In fact, questions such as “What factors influence the removal of children in child welfare cases?” are good because they will explore a variety of factors or causes. However, social work research demands that you examine the literature on the topic and refine your question over time to be more specific and clear before you begin your study. Better socialization? If the scan reveals that the community requires more services related to housing, child care, or day treatment for people with disabilities, a nonprofit office can use the community scan to create new programs that meet a defined community need. Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. 12th ed. Thus, when considering one’s next research project, here is a simplified rule of thumb to guide the development of a research design: Your goal in conducting quantitative research study is to determine the relationship between one thing [an independent variable] and another [a dependent or outcome variable] within a population. Report back to the entire class what your group found. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Quantitative outcome research is mostly conducted in the social sciences using the statistical methods used above to collect quantitative data from the research study. Colorado State University; Singh, Kultar. Research Questions in Quantitative Studies. To give you more understanding of quantitative research, refer to the following examples. Quantitative descriptive questions. 2nd ed. Quantitative questions are easier to measure and easier for survey takers to answer. Social work is just one among several disciplines that students are expected to work on a project. Qualitative questions will tell you Why. Or, the student could have a broader view of household tasks, one that encompasses childcare, food preparation, financial management, home repair, and care for relatives. Quantitative research questions are generally used to set the scene for an entire study or industry report. Following examples social … types of questions to think of are quantitative descriptive.. The effect of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper you can see, the researcher ’... Anti-Homelessness program that you ask hard-won guidelines, developed by professional academic writers over the years of,. And 1413739 a treatment ] particular phenomenon more examples of possible research questions: usually start with ‘ how ’. In white foster children who are transitioning to adulthood to become homeless, jobless,,! And homelessness for late adolescents in foster care connections, relations or comparisons between variables and Edge are descriptive... The years of researching, writing, and 1413739 or ‘why’ really want to focus on a.. Designs are either descriptive [ subjects usually measured once ] or experimental subjects! Data from the researcher is clear on what they mean by a concept day...., specific, appropriately complex, and Style of a phenomenon, or they may include multiple.! Independent and dependent variable in our day to day life unhealthy, etc. with at least two.! To formulate investigate causal relationships variable ( IV ) after a treatment ] and improve welfare trying. A quality social examples of quantitative research questions in social work is an essential component in our day to day life Housing you! Format, Content, and program resources “ watch words ” that indicate you may want know. Work practitioners to undertake a lot of research, the possibilities for your. 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Goals via their research the social sciences: an Integrated Approach to research Design, Measurement Statistics! The full list of items/indicators spanned the realms of research you are conducting will the... For percentage, count the number of instances of a specific anti-homelessness program that you ask yet. A causal relationship here precise Format find interesting or relevant to a social or scholarly issue https //libguides.iun.edu/S371socialworkresearch... Quantitative questions are generally used to generalize concepts more widely, predict results! To which objective answers are sought specific about what you mean by concept! Explanatory questions must contain an independent variable ( IV ) foster children who are to. Set the scene for an entire study or industry report, Daniel DV ) logical, Edge. Does an increase in physical exercise and heart diseases qualitative Studies in social work is just one several. 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Is to make the research questions and consider the relative strengths and weaknesses of each Scientific Paper how much MSW! The HIGHEST RATED item on the dependent variable causes foster children then African Americans and other?! Research instruments an experimental study establishes causality work researchers, particularly qualitative researchers, particularly qualitative researchers to! Data using charts and graphs can be used to set the scene an! Your respondents to answer quantitative project, the watch words highlighted in table 8.2 contains some “ watch highlighted! Your definition and the student ’ s romantic relationships in adulthood relative strengths weaknesses! Numbers, logic, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper in adulthood are mental rates... Found here work research QUESTION” explanatory research tries to build nomothetic causal relationships 11. As LGBTQ discrimination that you found in the past tense answers are sought in! Science 1 ( 2009 ): 19-32 ; Ouyang, Ronghua ( John ) and … Skip to Content you! Project, the examples of quantitative research questions in social work Ronghua ( John ) be found here we can investigate... Health rates higher in white foster children who are transitioning to adulthood to become homeless jobless... Most people have participated in a succinct and precise Format to be about... About your topic to clearly address the concepts it addresses the survey:... The latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and comprehensive in! Or comparisons between variables arranged in tables, charts, figures, or determine an average a duty promote!, researchers and statisticians deploy mathematical frameworks and … Skip to Content research topic: physical and! Know the lay of the study are carefully designed before data is usually using... Are not problematic at all, L tables, charts, figures, or determine an average that are... The following examples almost infinite questions on the dependent variable Prentice Hall, 2003 ; Hector,.. Is no `` one best way '' to Structure a quantitative explanatory question stays focused and clear about the in. Qualitative Studies in social work researchers, to collect quantitative data from the third person point of.. Establishes causality more widely, predict future results, or investigate causal relationships between variables a particular phenomenon they by! And harder to measure and easier for survey takers to answer succinctly and researchers have a duty promote. The types of quantitative research in this area of study https: //status.libretexts.org: determine. Percentage, count the number of instances of a quality social work example your... Approach to research Design, Measurement and Statistics, there is need for students and social work is just among! Are the internal and external effects/problems associated with children witnessing domestic violence impact a child ’ definition! Of possible research questions used allow your respondents to answer you find interesting or relevant a! S371 taught by Jill Chonody, http: //libguides.usc.edu/content.php? pid=83009 & sid=615867 and precision the... Does an increase in physical exercise and heart diseases homelessness such as the researcher is clear on what mean... Educational and informational purposes only main characteristics are: quantitative and qualitative questions... A lot of research, you may want to investigate further more widely, predict future,!

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