Globally the simplest method is called infilling where the target region is filled with numerous heavy rocks. Reclamation processes. (a) Differentiate between land reclamation and land rehabilitation. This comment has been removed by the author. Sufficient draft and clearance is required for this method. Since many areas are developed, it is crucial to continuously find new and different ways to re-use resources. The simplest method involves simply filling the area with large amounts of heavy rock and/or cement, then filling with clay and dirt until the desired height is reached. The district of Fontvieille is one of Monaco’s largest land reclamation projects, reclaiming some 10 acres of land from the sea. {font-family:Calibri; Posted on: 29 January 2016 In this day and age, renewable resources and green friendly activities are crucial in every industry. For example, the WWF says that inhibiting long-established currents by creating new land … The only major problem associated in the drainage congestion in coastal areas which can be solved designing a proper drainage system. mso-fareast-font-family:SimSun; -->. mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} In some countries, where the project is large-scale, they do not even bother to re-plant the corals elsewhere, instead just reclaim the … (c) Explain five problems facings Mwea -Tebere irragation scheme. It is interesting to know that the Island involves a whole lot of reclamation process. mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; For the negative effects on drainage system, flooding height will be increased. State the problems facing Perkerra irrigation sceme. For further assistance, explanation, or consultation on this subject matter or any other land/property related issues, do not hesitate to contact me via [email protected] or Call 08034869295. mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-alt:宋体; Get updates delivered right to your inbox! Potential effects of dredging on the marine environment include effects of the dredging process and disposal process. This method is used not only for granular material but also for stiff clay and soft clay. I also listed the requirements for the registration of dredgers. mso-header-margin:.5in; {font-family:"\@SimSun"; The corals might not be able to survive in that certain habitat, and thus die out. panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; 3 million possible irrigated hectares, 3.1 million hectares possible drained, 2.2 million hectares equipped with soil erosion control works. @font-face Places usually used as a place to do reclamation such as beach areas, offshore, lake , swamp or river is so wide. Therein, I disclosed comprehensive details and procedures of dredging and what it entails. mso-font-signature:3 680460288 22 0 262145 0;} /* Font Definitions */ At the location, fill material is dumped by opening the bottom of the barge. mso-default-props:yes; After examine just a few of the weblog posts on your web site now, and I really like your manner of blogging. Sometime in February, I wrote an article about dredging in real estate. The purpose of this study is to try and find the driving factor that determines the VAT consequences of the different expropriations and to determine whether there is a commonality. mso-style-qformat:yes; Sand is discharged through the perforations with water. mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} It is inevitable that a lot of land will be reclaimed for cultivated land reclamation in Northeast China since it is the most important commodity grain base with the greatest development potential in China. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. Most of us staying in Lagos Nigeria especially Lagos Island are probably staying on a land that was reclaimed. However, this method is only suitable for granular fill (crushed stone or natural sand and gravel), which has good drainage characteristics. Land reclamation tends to be expensive because reclaimed soil is weak, compressible, takes many years to stabilize, and consequently not economic for tall buildings. Clay, dirt or soil is then filled into the desired height. @page Section1 mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; It comprises dredging large amounts of sea sand transported over considerable distances to create a new land for industrial or infrastructure purposes. I would like to share my response and legal opinion for the benefit of all and sundry. Corals are usually moved to another place when land is to be reclaimed. usa online casino. mso-font-charset:0; The Bathymetric Survey Report shows the depth of the water-bodies from the surface and what the impact of dredging will be the immediate environment. Land reclamation is nothing new in Asia – China, Hong Kong and Japan have been at it since the 19th century – but it has recently reached epidemic … However, this type of reclamation may lead to great loss of fill material because of wave and current action. After reclamation, more buildings and infrastructures can built for the development of the economy, availability of living spaces, in a way reducing congestion, availability of industries, factories or company as the case may be in a way providing more jobs for citizens and reducing unemployment rate. {font-family:"Cambria Math"; In swampy areas or wet land, reclamation is aimed at increasing dry land, improving its temperature, by draining the land. It is located on 2135 hectares of land in Epe, Lagos and so far as at November 2016, dredgers have reclaimed 13 million m³ out of 30 million m³ of land. More than half of Lagos Island was reclaimed in fact, there are still some places in Lagos Island that are under reclamation process. You can also email me on whatever question you have on land/property law and anything relating to it. The mineral extraction and reclamation process must ensure return of sustainable ecosystem to former degraded land. The issue of land reclamation should be tackled in a responsible manner. Therefore, sometimes reclamation is carried out within a protected area after a bund has been formed around the proposed reclamation area. 5 mks 13. Corals are usually moved to another place when land is to be reclaimed. mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} Land reclamation also changes the quality of the surrounding areas of water. Therein, I disclosed comprehensive details and procedures of dredging and what it entails. Banana Island, is also an artificial island off the foreshore of Ikoyi, Lagos, which was reclaimed from the sea. Land reclamation can be damaging to corals and marine life. mso-footer-margin:.5in; The restoration of land productivity is an integral part of the restoration of a former mining site. mso-font-signature:0 0 0 0 0 0;} @font-face Thus occours frequently flood in our country. mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; Land reclamation can even affect sea currents in the region in subtle ways. The Gracefield Island is also another joint venture project of Lagos State Government, located down Chevron drive Lekki which was also largely reclaimed. Some refer to Eko Atlantic as a land that was aggressively reclaimed. A direct dumping method is used when the seabed is deep or the underlying seabed soil is soft. In reclamation from the sea, you then have to protect the land with sea walls, expensive to build, needing maintenance. Proof of Ownership/ Certificate of Occupancy. For those of use wanting to reclaim our land and need guide lines on this, the first step to take is to write an application letter requesting for permission to carry out land reclamation/ shoreline protection activities to the Commissioner for Waterfront and Infrastructure Development with an application fee of N50, 000 in form of a bank draft. line-height:115%;} mso-font-pitch:variable; Monaco’s southernmost ward, the district was designed by Italian engineer Gianfranco Gilardinis. Hydraulics is a mechanical function that uses liquid pressure to create force that is applied at one point and is transmitted to another point. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; Wasteland reclamation is the process of turning barren, sterile wasteland into something that is fertile and suitable for habitation and cultivation. Material used causes the water to be more acidic, and certain organisms are unable to adapt to this environment. Evidence of payment of the Ministry of Waterfront Infrastructure Development administrative charge. mso-generic-font-family:roman; margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in; {font-family:SimSun; Large scale sea reclamation activities can be observed in island countries such as Japan, Korea, and Singapore, as well as non-island countries such as Holland, German, and United States (UNAOO, 2006). mso-font-pitch:variable; This might be because the land to be reclaimed might interfere with drainage channels or might be foreseen to cause environmental hazard in the nearest future. margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-font-charset:134; }, Hydrographic Survey Report. Disadvantages: Much greenery has been removed in order for the land needed. I also listed the requirements for the registration of dredgers. Land reclamation can occur by either the process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low lying field. The data collection and research described in previous chapters dealing with the formation, characteristics, classification and agricultural potential of peatswamps is carried out by biologists, chemists, geographers and pedologists. The project is a Public Private Partnership (PPP) initiative theorized in the original master plan of Lagos State. The project site is larger than Victoria Island. Thanks for the info.it really helped me to do my presentation. {mso-style-unhide:no; However, dumping of soft clay is not appropriate for deeper seabed conditions since soft clay can be detached, and the environment can be affected. Land reclamation though with its many benefits, has certain disadvantages. grow, with land reclamation fast becoming an important option for megacities to address issues of economic growth and increasing population density. This shall contain two main important reports: Immediately an approval is granted, the applicant will be required to pay the sum of N2million as administrative fee to the Ministry of Waterfront and Infrastructure Development and N75 per cubic meter of sand needed for the portion of land to be reclaimed. wow this really helped me with a project I am doing in history, Thank you for your website that shows US ideas. Land reclamation is aimed at increasing the amount of land that is available and suitable for economic activities in various countries. At this point, a wet method of reclamation is implemented when fill material is obtained from an offshore borrow source. mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. Corals are usually moved to another place when land is to be reclaimed. margin-bottom:10.0pt; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; {mso-style-type:export-only; Land reclamation can be damaging to corals and marine life. REQUIREMENTS FOR SAND FILLING/ RECLAMATION/ EXTENSION WORKS APPLICATION, REQUIREMENTS FOR SHORELINE PROTECTION APPLICATION. Advantages: More land has been made available for development. mso-generic-font-family:auto; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; Reclaimed lands are expensive and can be damaging to corals and marine life. mso-paper-source:0;} Land reclamation is one of the main areas of interest for the dredging industry. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site checklist and can be checking again soon. Foundations are expensive because you can only build low-rise buildings on raft or mat footings and other expensive engineering measures. mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; 11. area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction The second method is by draining wetlands … mso-style-parent:""; mso-font-charset:1; Work on this project started in the 1960s, significantly expanding Monaco’s coastline. Sediments also do not allow sunlight to pass through, cause many aquatic plants to be unable to photosynthesize. Land reclamation is associated with some dangers, such as flooding and soil liquefaction. Bathymetric Survey Report of the proposed water area to be dredged for reclamation. The process is called “infilling” and the material used to fill the space is commonly called “infill”. Land reclamation from the sea has been on only a small scale in England, but has been carried out to such a large extent in the Netherlands that new farms, villages and road networks have been established on land that was once permanently under salt water. Another one is the on-going construction on Dangote oil refinery. Land reclamation though with its many benefits, has certain disadvantages. The EIA report which should be prepared by a qualified Marine Engineer or Scientist and approved at the EIA Department of the Lagos State Ministry of Environment. Sand spreading is implemented when a shallow seabed is encountered or when the seabed soil is too soft. Proof of Ownership/ Certificate of Occupancy of the waterfront land. Sometime in February, I wrote an article about dredging in real estate. There is a new Island called Orange Island which is located 1 kilometre off the headland of Lekki Phase 1. 7.1 Introduction. Land reclamation can be damaging to corals and marine life. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. Land reclamation has been a common practice to produce valuable land in coastal areas. mso-fareast-font-family:SimSun; Land reclamation, also called reclamation is the process of creating new land from ocean or riverbeds. The reclamation of peatswamps should be multidisciplinary but in practice this is often not the case. Land reclamation by cross-dam construction started in coastal Bangladesh in 1957, with a 9.3 mile (14 km) cross-dam being built in the eastern branch of the Meghna River for the purpose of reclaiming land for agriculture. mso-font-signature:3 680460288 22 0 262145 0;} The spreader is mounted on a small floating barge. In some countries, where the project is large-scale, they do not even bother to re-plant the corals elsewhere, instead just reclaim the land. Blogger Template by Anshul | Funny Pictures. Land Reclamation in Monaco. The corals might not be able to survive in that certain habitat, and thus die out. panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; margin-top:0in; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; wow there are a lot more problems then there are of benefits! However, as there are advantages, there are also disadvantages too. panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; 3. Cons, the cost and at times if the area is populated. Land Rights Act and the Provision of Land and Assistance Act and their VAT consequences. Understanding and Purpose Of Reclamation - Reclamation is a work or undertaking in the utilization of a useless or aquatic land to be useful land. Let me give few examples. Experts are divided over the advantages and disadvantages of land reclamation, though this process continues unabated, exposing settle-ments to coastal hazards. Three Advantages Of Land Reclamation . {size:8.5in 11.0in; Land reclamation can be achieved with a number of different methods. line-height:115%; Copyright © 2010 Geog-Land Supply. mso-font-charset:134; mso-font-pitch:variable; @font-face {mso-style-type:export-only; margin-left:0in; The project involves a reclamation process of about 150 hectare of land. An Environmental Impact Analysis Report document is also needed. If the seabed soil is weak, a mud wave will be created in front of the fill because of displacement. It should be noted that even after submitting all necessary documents and fulfilling all obligations, the application for reclamation might be rejected. Reclaimed land is also a risk in earthquake-prone areas. A government review in 1996 stated that land reclamation would result in the “large displacement of the marine sediments and the development of mud-waves beneath the reclamation fill”. The prolonged shaking can trigger a process called liquefaction, where the once-solid sediments of reclaimed areas can liquefy. The impact of land reclamation on coastal environment and marine ecology is well recognized and widely studied. Powered by Blogger This is done by removing excess water from the soil by means of trenches or pipes that runs into the watercourses. {page:Section1;} However, as there are advantages, there are also disadvantages too. DISADVANTAGES OF LAND RECLAMATION 1. mso-font-format:other; 4 mks (b) State the reasons for the establishment of Mwea-Tebere irrigation project. Yesterday, I got an E-mail on [email protected] probably from one of my readers who intend to invest in a reclamation project. mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; Land reclamation affects the drainage system. 2 Sets of /Engineering Drawings and Specification. mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; The corals might not be able to survive in that certain habitat, and thus die out. mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; Reclamation can start from the coastal line and advance towards the sea. In this way, losses caused by wave and current action can be minimized. In some countries, where the project is large-scale, they do not even bother to re-plant the corals elsewhere, … .MsoChpDefault The most common type of land reclamation are lands with unfavourable water conditions. Can you add more opinions on the advantages? /* Style Definitions */ Cross-dams are closure structures between islands and the mainland, which are meant to accelerate the natural accretion process. Advantages and Disadvantages Of Land Reclamation. @font-face div.Section1 The next level of fill has to be raised by hydraulic filling or other means. This was because most people never thought it would be possible. More buildings and infrastructure can be built, and also for other reasons. The hydrographic survey report looks into the ocean or lagoon to determine its bed/floor materials(i.e. In that case, a greater quantity of fill material would be required. The dumping location is generally controlled by a global positioning system. For more knowledge on dredging, I would like to refer you to an article on this same blog click here. Land reclamation is associated with some dangers, such as flooding and soil liquefaction. However, bottom dumping alone cannot complete the reclamation because it can only operate up to 2 – 3 meters depth below sea level. March 10th 2017. LAND RECLAMATION…BENEFITS AND DISADVANTAGES. Disadvantages: Much greenery has been removed in order for the land needed. 4. The reason for land reclamation and one of its advantages is the availability of more land for developmental purpose. Reclaimed lands are expensive and can be damaging to corals and marine life. Land reclamation also … A bottom-opening barge usually carries fill material from the borrow source and either sails with a self-propeller or pushed by the powerful tugboat to the designated location. Bottom-opening barges usually have a capacity of a few thousand cubic meters and the production rate of reclamation using bottom-opening barges is largely dependent upon the number of barges used and the distance between the borrow sources and the reclaimed area. Please follow the link we've just sent you to activate the subscription. View original. mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; The pros are, it lets nature rebuild, at rare times back to a point before the land was disturbed. The reclamation process was of over 1.5 square kilometers area. mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; The governmental entity responsible off is the National Administration for Land Reclamation Works in Romania, administrating aprox. Tags: reclamation island reclaimed. .MsoPapDefault Eko Atlantic is an entire new coastal city being built on Victoria Island, standing on 10 million square metres of land reclaimed from the ocean and protected by an 8.5 kilometre long sea wall. Today, I will be writing about Reclamation and its various forms and method. mso-generic-font-family:auto; Generally, the dry method works well for foreshore locations with underlying competent seabed soil. The post LAND RECLAMATION…BENEFITS AND DISADVANTAGES appeared first on Ibeju Lekki Lawyer. Formal letter of application addressed to the Honourable Commissioner forwarding all the above-listed documents. If so, the new population must be moved in order to bring it back to a pre-disturbed state.