Since the discovery of the Bacacay house, human rights advocates have stepped up pressure on Argentina’s new president, Alberto Fernandez, to order the declassification of all remaining Argentine intelligence records from the period of dictatorship. There’s a lovely little hike in the mountain town of Bariloche that culminates in jaw-dropping views over Nahuel Haupi Lake. July 2, 2020, Inside Argentina’s Killing Machine: U.S. Intelligence Documents Record Gruesome Human Rights Crimes of 1976-1983 The two officers work for the police force in Rosario, Argentina, where football star Lionel Messi was born. The 19th Century Seeing his homeland split into partisan factions, Rosas sought to ensure a kind of peace by achieving the ultimate victory of one side. Discover the CIA history, mission, vision and values. The Falklands War took place in 1982 between the United Kingdom and Argentina. The regime was able to suppress most opposition, however, through strict censorship and curfews and a generalized fear of the secret police. The National Security Archive is committed to digital accessibility. FOIA Advisory Committee Oversight Reports, Bacacay 3570: Floresta family home identified as dictatorship torture site, Identificaron un centro clandestino de detención en la calle Bacacay, Una sobreviviente del centro clandestino de Bacacay 3570 y su recuerdo de esos días de terro, Pablo Llonto destacó la identificación de un nuevo centro clandestino de detención, Pablo Llonto, identifican un centro clandestino a cargo de la ex Side, Hallaron una casa porteña que habría funcionado como centro clandestino de detención, Inside Argentina’s Killing Machine: U.S. Intelligence Documents Record Gruesome Human Rights Crimes of 1976-1983, Declassification Diplomacy: Trump Administration Turns Over Massive Collection of Intelligence Records on Human Rights and Argentina, Argentina Declassified: Secret US Intelligence Files Provide History’s Verdict on Argentina’s Dirty War, new investigative report by federal Judge Daniel Rafecas. We are very satisfied with this achievement. Mechanically, it was based on the parent company's first generation Falcon.The Falcon retained the same elegant body style throughout its production, with several substantial facelifts taking place during its lifespan, giving it a more European flavour and bringing it into line with other more contemporary Fords. "We are very satisfied with this achievement,” Judge Rafecas stated. May 30, 2019Declassification Diplomacy: Trump Administration Turns Over Massive Collection of Intelligence Records on Human Rights and Argentina “Another clandestine detention center has been identified and added to the long list of sites that operated during the darkest years of our [country’s] history.”. Besides the violent militants the government claimed it was protecting the country from, students, educators, trade unionists, writers, journalists, artists, left-wing activists, members of the clergy, and alleged sympathizers of anti-regime elements and their families also were among the tens of thousands of “disappeared” who were apprehended at night and taken to the detention centers, where they were interrogated and often tortured and killed. We link this infor- The functions of the CNI combined those functions carried out by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), FBI, and Secret Service. Your talent. In 1984, survivor Emma Alcira Lebozec outlined a floorplan that corresponds to the house on Bacacay street. Combining informa-tion from various archival sources, we compile a data set of more than 4,000 military officers who constituted the entire recruitment pool for the Argentine secret police. Phone: 54 11 4378-5800/4346-7000/4809-6100. During the course of Argentina’s ongoing human rights investigations and trials, several former intelligence officials had referenced an operational center on Bacacay street; and survivors have described the features of the house, including its basement where prisoners were tortured. A secret document published here shows a list built between May and October 1976,listing the Zaffaroni couple and 60 other members of the OPR-33. Roberto M. Ortiz presidency, by an act by the National Congress on July 28th, 1938. Other information can be consulted on the CIA's Electronic Reading Room or by submitting a FOIA request. How to get a police certificate - Argentina If you need to give your fingerprints for a police certificate, this isn’t the same as giving your biometrics (fingerprints and photo) for an application. According to a secret cable from DINA (Chilean secret police) in Buenos Aires, an estimate by the Argentine 601st Intelligence Battalion in mid-July 1978, which started counting victims in 1975, gave the figure of 22,000 persons – this document was first published by John Dinges in 2004. The clandestine center was identified after the declassification of thousands of U.S. intelligence records last year, among them a secret CIA report on the disappearance of an Argentine diplomat which stated that he had been kidnapped by agents of the State Intelligence Secretariat (SIDE) and “taken to a house at Bacabay (sic) 3570 in the Federal Capital which SIDE rents and uses for official operations….”. Generally clandestine, secret police have operated independently of the civil police. The Argentine National Gendarmerie was created, during the Ph. Edited by Carlos Osorio and Peter Kornbluh, For more information, contact: Police bust drugs gang accused of smuggling cocaine hidden inside plastic penises in Argentina. The Bacacay address in the CIA document — misspelled as “Bacabay” — was brought to the attention of Judge Rafecas by Jean Marc De Wandelaer, a legal investigator in the Truth and Justice Program of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®, news, press releases, information and more, Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room, How to Check on the Status of Your FOIA Request, A-12 OXCART Reconnaissance Aircraft Documentation, Argentina Declassification Project - The "Dirty War" (1976-83), Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency, DECLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS RELATED TO 9/11 ATTACKS, Intelligence Warning of the 1957 Launch of Sputnik, John McCone as Director of Central Intelligence, 1961-1965, The National Intelligence Council (NIC) Collection, President Carter and the Role of Intelligence in the Camp David Accords, Documents Related to the Former Detention and Interrogation Program, ARGENTINA: ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION[SANITIZED], ARGENTINE COURT BACKS EXTRADITION BID WITH 43 MURDER CHARGES, CIA HENCHMEN CARRY OUT MURDER POLICY IN NATION'S CAPITAL, CUBAN ARMED FORCES AND THE SOVIET MILITARY PRESENCE, JACOB TIMMERMAN SAYS ARGENTINA WILL SOON BREAK RELATIONS WITH CUBA - 1961/05/15, PRESENT POLITICAL SITUATION IN ARGENTINA - 1964/06/30, MEETING WITH AMBASSADOR SANCHEZ DE LOZADA - 1971/06/15, PREPARATIONS BY THE FEDERAL POLICE FOR A RAID DESIGNED TO DESTROY THE NORTH-NORTH REGIONAL COMMITTEE, THE POTENTIAL FOR POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN ARGENTINA, ETHIOPIA, AND THAILAND JANUARY 1975[SANITIZED] -, WEEKLY REVIEW JANUARY 3, 1975[SANITIZED] - 1975/01/03, [SANITIZED]ARGENTINA: ARMED FORCES LEANING TOWARD A MORE ACTIVE ROLE AS A POWER BROKER IN ARGENTINE. The CIA document and the unredacted Naveiro Bender cable were among almost 6000 U.S. intelligence records released as part of a special U.S. government “Declassification Project for Argentina.” During a visit to Buenos Aires on the 40th anniversary of the military coup, President Barack Obama authorized the declassification. The most up-to-date CIA news, press releases, information and more. We draw on the case of autocratic Argentina (1975-83) and its Intelligence Battalion 601—one of the most notorious secret police units in the Western Hemisphere. July 3, 2020, Una sobreviviente del centro clandestino de Bacacay 3570 y su recuerdo de esos días de terroPagina 12 The Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (English: National Intelligence Directorate) or DINA was the secret police of Chile during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.The DINA has been referred to as Pinochet's Gestapo. Argentine police have seized a cache of Nazi artifacts from a hidden room inside an art collector’s suburban Buenos Aires home. The Falkland Islands called Islas Malvinas in Argentina. Her captors accused her of being part of an “international subversion organization” and told her “they did not care if she was American, as she had been kidnapped and no one knew where she was. “I believe we have a responsibility to confront the past with honesty and transparency,” Obama stated at Remembrance Park in Buenos Aires on March 24, 2016, paying tribute to the tens of thousands of human rights victims of Argentina’s military dictatorship while pledging to release U.S. intelligence files on atrocities committed during that period. We find that low‐achieving officers were stuck within the regime hierarchy, threatened with discharge, and thus more likely to join the secret police for future benefits. Secret-police Marcela Valente. Your diverse skills. The DINA secret police reporting to Pinochet was replaced in 1977 by the National Information Center (Centro Nacional de Informaci n--CNI). Our open-source library houses the thousands of documents, periodicals, maps and reports released to the public. It tried to restore its legitimacy with the Argentine people by seizing the Falkland Islands from Great Britain, but the failed campaign further discredited the regime and led to its fall in 1983. Combining information from various archival sources, we collect and analyze original micro-level data on the profiles of more than 4,000 military officers who constituted the entire recruitment pool for the Argentine secret police. “She could hear screams and cries of persons being tortured with electric prods,” according to a confidential State Department report on her ordeal. The information found in the archive of the Paraguayan Secret Police was likely being shared with Southern Cone intelligence services. It also instituted the infamous Process of National Reorganization in an attempt to suppress the left-wing guerrilla activity that was rampant by early 1976. A notorious leader of secret police death squads, Gordon also played a leading role in the operations of Automotores Orletti. The clandestine center was identified after the declassification of thousands of U.S. intelligence records last year, … In Argentina the most important law enforcement organization is the Argentine Federal Police (equivalent to the FBI in the USA) with jurisdiction in all Argentine territory. The Trump Administration completed the review and release of most of the collection; in a special ceremony on April 12, 2019, U.S. officials turned over a set of compact discs containing thousands of pages of CIA, FBI, Defense, and State Department records to the Argentine government. The alleged crimes occurred at the secret Campo de Mayo torture center in Buenos Aires, court papers say. Suite 701, Gelman Library Learn more about Careers Opportunities at CIA. **Note: CIA focused its review on Argentina only information. Most routine police work is carried out by provincial police forces (equivalent to state police in the United States). July 3, 2020, Hallaron una casa porteña que habría funcionado como centro clandestino de detenciónPerfil Today April 2nd is a holiday in Argentina. The Argentine Ford Falcon is a car built by Ford Argentina from 1962 to 1991. Behind a bookshelf and through a hidden door in a Buenos Aires, Argentina, suburb, police have discovered a dusty, secret room holding a massive trove of Nazi-era artifacts. Premat begging for [a] medical doctor.” Premat remained disappeared until 2009 when his remains, located in a common grave, were identified by the famed Argentine Forensic Anthropology team. In addition to the address, CIA sources identified Anibal Gordon — aka “Silva” — as the SIDE operative who ran the detention center. HISTORY. These officers represent all individuals who entered the officer corps between 1947 and 1975. In total Argentina has 16 official holidays. … July 3, 2020, Pablo Llonto, identifican un centro clandestino a cargo de la ex SidePrimero Noticias Rio Cuarto “The release of these documents stands as a uniquely valuable contribution to the cause of human rights, the cause of justice, and the cause of our fundamental right-to-know,” stated Carlos Osorio, who directs the National Security Archive’s Southern Cone Documentation Project and served as an advisor to the National Security Council’s work on the special Argentina declassification. July 5, 2020, Identificaron un centro clandestino de detención en la calle BacacayPagina 12 Drugs were hidden in ten of them and sold in the red light district in La Plata The military junta that ousted President Isabel Peron in a coup in 1976 confronted an urban-based leftist insurgency that had been intensifying for several years and had moved beyond attacking government targets to include kidnappings and killings of persons with no official connections and no particular ideology. Argentina invaded the islands on April 2, … They were the only ones who would decide whether she would walk out alive or ‘feet first.’”, At least eight other prisoners were in the house, Naveiro Bender reported. The Argentine Federal Police ( Spanish: Policía Federal Argentina or PFA) is the national civil police force of the Argentine federal government. Google allows users to search the Web for images, news, products, video, and other content. FOIA Category Search | Advanced Search | Search Help. (Thanks to Albertina Caron). On June 11, 2020, investigative Judge Daniel Rafecas issued a legal report and directive prohibiting remodeling of the property located at 3570 Bacacay street. …a brutal political regime in Argentina from 1829 to 1852. The PFA has detachments throughout the country. Once-Secret Police Files Flesh Out Nazi History in Argentina ED MCCULLOUGH February 10, 1992 GMT BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) _ Legend has it that the Nazis who fled here after World War II arrived with plenty of cash and moved about freely because the government sheltered them and Argentines didn’t know or didn’t care. Secret police, Police established by national governments to maintain political and social control. After the return of civilian rule, he was arrested and convicted of committing death squad murders. Part of the Process of National Reorganization involved setting up a system of over 300 secret prisons for detaining anyone suspected of being subversive. During the Argentine government’s seven-year (1976-83) campaign against suspected dissidents and subversives, often known as the “Dirty War,” between 10,000 and 30,000 people were killed, including opponents of the government as well as innocent victims. The National Security Archive first called attention to the CIA document, entitled “Kidnapping and Assassination of Argentine Ambassador to Venezuela by a Group Associated with Argentine State Intelligence Secretariat (SIDE) Without SIDE Knowledge or Authorization,” by posting it on the day it was declassified, April 12, 2019. Using data on all 4,287 officers who served in autocratic Argentina (1975–83), we study biographic differences between secret police agents and the entire recruitment pool. Apr 12, 2019, Argentina Declassified: Secret US Intelligence Files Provide History’s Verdict on Argentina’s Dirty WarThe Nation enrollment of secret police agents. “For dozens of survivors,” Caron said, locating the place where they were tortured after more than four decades “has provided a catharsis.”, One survivor, Mercedes Naveiro Bender, was a U.S. citizen living in Buenos Aires at the time of the military coup. July 18, 2020, Una Cueva De Otro TiempoEl Cohete a la Luna Not only the secret police and dictators used the reliable cars. Torture survivor Mercedes Naveiro (above) recalled the wooden floors, the split kitchen, and the basement of the clandestine center where she was detained. Soon after it seized power, the junta closed the national legislature, imposed censorship, banned trade unions, and brought state and municipal governments under military control. Her abductors told her they represented a “Nazi-fascist and anti-semitic organization dedicated to combatting subversion [and] leftist elements,” among other threats to Argentine society. Anything marked with "Page Denied" and /or "NR" has been deemed not relevant to the Argentina Project, whether or not it has been previously released. At first, much of the Argentine public supported the crackdown as necessary for restoring order, but within a few years, growing evidence of human rights violations evoked opposition to the government’s methods—perhaps most notably from the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, who had lost children in the “Dirty War.” Their weekly vigils in the Plaza de Mayo, fronting the presidential palace, brought international attention to the “disappeared.” The regime was able to suppress most opposition, however, through strict censorship and curfews and a generalized fear of the secret police. More torture survivors have come forward to provide evidence of atrocities on Bacacay street, Judge Rafecas told the Buenos Aires Herald in Argentina, and human rights investigators are renewing their efforts to locate other previously unidentified facilities of repression. The George Washington University By 1980, nearly all insurgent activity had ceased, and the most brutal aspects of the “Dirty War,” including the “disappearances,” were subsiding. In 1829, Federalist strongman Juan Manuel de Rosas seized power, and those Unitarians who did not flee were persecuted by Latin America's first secret police, the Mazorca. Washington D.C., July 21, 2020 – Forty-four years after the Argentine military began disappearing thousands of citizens following the March 24, 1976, coup, human rights investigators have located one of the first clandestine torture sites used by state intelligence operatives. Tokubetsu Keisatsutai (Tokkeitai) (Special Police Corps), secret military police of the Imperial Navy, duties later assumed by the Kenpeitai. But until the release of the precise address in the CIA document, according to Albertina Caron, an assistant to Judge Rafecas, the judiciary “lacked sufficient evidence” to identify its location. The new democratically elected government created the National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons (CONADEP) in December 1983 to collect evidence about the “Dirty War,” beginning the decades-long process under which most of the perpetrators of the human rights violations during 1976-83 were eventually brought to justice. In his court filing on June 11, 2020, Judge Rafecas announced the discovery of “a new clandestine detention and torture center that would have been in operation from at least the beginning of the year 1976.”  Located in the residential Floresta neighborhood in Buenos Aires, according to the judge, the house served as “a precursor with ties to the clandestine detention center, Automotores Orletti” –the notorious torture center in the same neighborhood where Argentines, along with other Latin Americans living in Buenos Aires, were secretly held, killed, and disappeared as part of Operation Condor. Learn more about the Agency – and find some top secret things you won't see anywhere else. The residential home needed to be preserved as evidence of repression during the military dictatorship, his directive stated, because “there are several existing clues regarding [the home as] an operational base of the personnel of the State Intelligence Secretariat [SIDE],” which carried out kidnappings and torture, during the years 1976-1977. She was beaten, interrogated, and threatened, she later reported to U.S. Embassy officials. Tokubetsu Kōtō Keisatsu (Tokkō) (Special Higher Police) Kenpeitai (Military Police Corps), secret military police of the Imperial Army, later the army and navy. Washington, D.C., 20037, Phone: 202/994-7000 National Security Archive The unredacted State Department cable on Mercedes Naveiro Bender recorded that she had identified Premat, who was a friend of hers, as one of the prisoners and heard “Mr. He died in prison in September 1987. “Without the declassification of this document perhaps we would never have been able to identify this clandestine center,” Caron stated. The Archive today reposted the formerly secret CIA cable, along with a State Department report on U.S. citizen Mercedes Naveiro Bender, who was kidnapped in May 1976 and held at the Bacacay house, according to a new investigative report by federal Judge Daniel Rafecas. By 1980, nearly all insurgent activity had ceased, and the most brutal aspects of the “Dirty War,” including the “disappearances,” were subsiding. In the middle of the night on May 5, 1976, six secret police operatives seized her at her apartment and transported her to what Naveiro Bender described as “a country home” on the outskirts of Buenos Aires. Riot control vehicle of the Policía Federal, Buenos Aires, 2008. But a surprise awaited police: a secret room with more than 80 Nazi-era relics, Argentine Federal Police head Nestor Roncaglia told Reuters. Argentina - Argentina - Military government, 1966–73: Adalbert Krieger Vasena, minister of economy and labour, attempted to stabilize the economy by again devaluing the currency and then undertaking programs in electric power, steel, roads, and housing. The Argentine government’s domestic and international standing suffered, however, as revelations about its human rights record emerged along with growing evidence of corruption. November 18, 2019, Washington D.C., July 21, 2020 – Forty-four years after the Argentine military began disappearing thousands of citizens following the March 24, 1976, coup, human rights investigators have located one of the first clandestine torture sites used by state intelligence operatives. Campo de Mayo was the main torture center during the 1976-83 right-wing dictatorship . 2130 H Street, NW Evolved into a secret police force during Argentina's Dirty War (1974-1983) Used by military junta to track down opponents and spy on "subversives", … Photograph: Daniel García/AFP/Getty Images ... received a tipoff on the whereabouts of the secret police … The discovery of the Bacacay facility, she noted, has vindicated victims who had described the house of horrors in testimony over the years. Learn how the CIA is organized into directorates and key offices, responsible for securing our nation. Argentine special forces in operation in Buenos Aires in 1982. Particularly notorious examples were the Nazi Gestapo, the Russian KGB, and the East German Stasi. During the two days she was detained, Naveiro Bender told the U.S. Embassy, one of her guards informed her that “four people had died.”. Secret mountain summit. Our mission. Fax: 202/994-7005Contact by email. 202-994-7000 or [email protected], CIA Document Leads Human Rights Investigators to Previously Unidentified Clandestine Torture Center, Declassified U.S. Records Reveal Address of House Used by State Intelligence Service to Interrogate, Disappear Victims after March 1976 Military Coup, U.S. Citizen was Detained, Abused at Black Site on Bacacay street in Buenos Aires, Bacacay 3570: Floresta family home identified as dictatorship torture siteThe Buenos Aires Times His iron-fisted administration, which made use of propaganda and a secret police force, pursued the interests of… Read More; Congress of Tucumán One of those killed was likely Raul Horacio Premat, a leftist publicist in Buenos Aires who was disappeared on April 29, 1976. BUENOS AIRES, Oct 2 2003 (IPS) - For 40 years, a secret police unit in Argentina gathered copious intelligence on student, labour and social activists and a broad range of civil society organisations, remaining active under the democratic governments that alternated in power with military regimes. Rosas was removed from power in 1852, and Argentina's first constitution was ratified in 1853. July 3, 2020, Pablo Llonto destacó la identificación de un nuevo centro clandestino de detenciónPuntal In the 28-page legal decision, Judge Rafecas identifies several pieces of evidence: 1) a U.S. declassified CIA intelligence report identifying that address as an operational base of a squad of security forces, 2) previous testimonies by former security officers indicating that a secret detention center existed on that street, and 3) descriptions provided by several surviving victims of torture, among them American citizen Mercedes Naveiro Bender, that coincide with the features of the house. 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