And of course, another essential aspect is pricing. As of this writing, 79 vulnerabilities have been documented across Puppet’s ecosystem, with an average severity level of medium, and most of these applying to open source Puppet and Puppet Enterprise. Terraform is not a configuration management tool, and it allows existing tooling to focus on their strengths: bootstrapping and initializing resources. The tool uses state enforcement akin to Ansible, which offloads any core oversight tasks to defined automations. Check our free transaction tracing tool, Tip: Find application errors and performance problems instantly with Stackify Retrace. The cybersecurity risk profiles were last updated on December 12, 2019. Both Chef and Puppet are very mature nowadays, and they’re constantly improving their product, making research investments, creating better ways for people to learn their tool, etc. Today we pit two popular tools for configuration management against one another; Chef vs Puppet. For example, Puppet Labs recently announced a partnership with Arista Networks—a leading developer of SDN switches—to provide automation support to the vendor’s SDN equipment line. One tool will be a better fit for one environment and set of requirements versus another, and this is something you must seriously ponder before making the selection for your team. Then, for each server that you want to manage, there’s an agent installed that’s pulling the configuration in periods automatically. And like Chef, Puppet’s platform has evolved in response to the growing needs for a comprehensive mechanism to manage the continuous delivery pipeline. Another reason is that in the case of Puppet, their pricing page doesn’t have a public number but a “Contact Us” button. The configuration managers abstract the configuration files themselves, so you need to learn the terms that they use to describe resources and their orchestration. Although Puppet was written in Ruby, you’ll usually be recording data in Puppet’s own declarative language, which is reminiscent of JSON. Agents are always checking that the desired state is compliant, not the other way around. It is a product of Puppet Labs. In Puppet, master is called Puppet Master and children is Agents. Therefore, you don’t need to have a developer background to use and learn Puppet. Learn more about risk factors for the puppet.com website or get your own security rating for free. The benefit to this is that developers might feel more comfortable writing Chef recipes. The chef is written in Ruby with DSL and has prototype programming. SDN is a new paradigm for networking that decouples network control and forwarding from physical infrastructure, enabling agile management of network resources in rapidly changing environments. Puppet is the oldest version of configuration management system and hard to understand for user. Puppet Enterprise by Puppet View Details. Chef has excellent support for the open source community and other tools your enterprise may use, such as Kubernetes, Nagios, Docker, and more. While Chef and Puppet are much closer in design than radically different configuration management tools such as Ansible. A good rule of thumb is Puppet is like writing configuration files while Chef is like programming the control of your nodes. Now that we’ve seen how these two platforms work under the hood and how they accomplish many of the same things, a word about choosing the right platform for your team’s requirements. Which of those features will help your organization to reduce silos and waste? Puppet is an open-source platform IT managers can use to record their system components, continuously “discover” information, and create a catalog of dependencies. A master node is where all server configurations get stored. However, the devil is in the details when it comes to misconfiguration, and Puppet is opening itself and its customers up to email spoofing powered phishing and spear phishing campaigns with its lenient SPF filtering. Today’s post is about comparing Chef with Puppet. 6 Big Influencers in Software Defined Networking. Chef has made significant strides in improving its platform’s security with Chef Vault, though its 3 published CVE vulnerabilities certainly pale in comparison to Puppet’s 79. Puppet relies on standard tools, including RSpec and Cucumber, for testing your Puppet code. What is Typosquatting (and how to prevent it), 9 Ways to Prevent Third-Party Data Breaches. Hence the users find it easier to understand Ansible and Puppet is hard to follow. The… Chef, on the other hand, its pricing page has numbers, but you still need to contact them. Chef architecture is just like the Puppet Master-Agent model, which uses a pull-based approach; additionally, it needs a logical Chef workstation to control configurations from the master to agents. This new model for networking is  right in line with Puppet’s advocacy of “infrastructure as code.” As such, the company has made significant strategic initiatives and partnerships in support of SDN. Chef Automate’s automated testing and continuous integration/delivery tools include features such as a shared workflow pipeline, collaboration capabilities, and enhanced analytics—as well as ecosystem integrations with AWS, Azure, and Docker, to name a few. Notwithstanding, Puppet has enjoyed significant first-mover advantages over the years, and though both Chef and Puppet have been neck-to-neck market leaders since the early days of IT automation, the latter boasts a longer commercial track record and larger install base. Puppet is written in Ruby that supports Domain Specific Language with Ruby. The decision to use Chef imposes a steeper learning curve for non Ruby developers. Chef and Ansible use a procedural style language where you write code that specifies, step-by-step, how to achieve the desired end state. The latest version of the Puppet Docker module available in Puppet Forge enables the running and managing of Docker containers using Puppet code. Starting Price: $250.00/year. But in Puppet, the code might look simpler when there’s a module you can use. It is not very easy to learn and its system administrator oriented.Ansible – Ansible uses YAML i.e Yet Another Markup Language (Python). Ansible is written in Python supported with YAML scripts. Tools—as critical agents of change—are instrumental in both managing technology as well as shaping culture: Chef extends this notion further by using martial arts as a metaphor for DevOps, specifically—Kung-fu. With Node Manager, nodes can be managed based on their job rather than name, eliminating the need to manually classify each node. Want to write better code? These servers periodically pull and execute cookbook configurations from the Chef master server. However, at a fundamental level, puppet and chef 'do the same thing', agent based Configuration Management with a centralized master. This is certainly the case with Chef Vault, a project started by Nordstrom to improve upon the platform’s inherent security mechanisms. Folks with a sysadmin background might find it more suitable to use Puppet. For example, in Puppet, you can create custom functions with Ruby. Learn Why Developers Pick Retrace, 5 Awesome Retrace Logging & Error Tracking Features, “which was designed to be accessible for sysadmins.”, AWS Elastic Beanstalk .NET Core Getting Started, AWS Batch: A Detailed Guide to Kicking Off Your First Job, Azure Container Service (AKS) – A Detailed Intro, Sending CloudWatch Custom Metrics From Lambda With Code Examples, Chef vs Puppet: Differences, Similarities, and How to Choose, Top API Performance Metrics Every Development Team Should Use, Site Performance Monitoring Best Practices, Reports that help with compliance policies, Orchestration of application and infrastructure deployments, Automate infrastructure provisioning with, Code management to promote infrastructure changes automatically, Node management for granular control of servers, Role-based access control policies for users, Visibility with dashboards across all your infrastructure stack. We re-wrote our whole application in Go. Control third-party vendor risk and improve your cyber security posture. You don't need to use Puppet or Chef to setup these services, but sometimes they can be a quick way to do so. Chef Client — The Chef client is the end-node machines managed by Chef master servers. At the basic level, Chef is a tool for automation, provisioning and configuration management. The downside is that if your team has complex configurations to handle, you will find yourself fighting against the constraints imposed by the DSL. Powershell DSC only provides the platform-level implementation. View Details. Some past differentiators—like each platform’s respective declarative/procedural approach and underlying programming language—have been discussed ad nauseum. But you should also consider the premium features from each tool. The first major difference is that tools like Ansible rely on an agentless architecture, whereas both Chef and Puppet use a master-agent or puppet-slave, agent based architecture. In Ansible, master is Ansible Control Machine and the children is Hosts. Once your team has mastered Chef once, you will continue reaping the dividends by using Chef expertise across its wide, open source, ecosystem. Puppet’s DSL has the strength that it keeps most tasks simple and there’s generally one sure way to do things. Both tools work with a master-node architecture where the master is in charge of storing all data, and nodes are in charge of making sure servers always have the desired state configuration in place. SSL certificate keys, database passwords) in encrypted “data bags”—repositories of key/value pairs—for secure and easy access. To see these two at work, consider the following code example which installs the Apache web server. For those use cases, specific provisioners are required, which are available as open source libraries on Github. Depending on the number of servers you need to manage they could offer you a better price. Reporting (e.g., results from automation runs, errors/exceptions) and other information is sent by the clients back to the server for aggregate analysis and processing. It’s been noted that Chef’s DSL is friendly to Ruby developers while Puppet’s DSL is more friendly and closer to system administrators who might prefer a configuration language not far from XML or other declarative config files. 2. Puppet's overall risk score, as measured by the Upguard Cybersecurity Rating scores an A (903/950), much higher than Chef's B rating. Its open source Chef Habitat tool, available on Github, gives you a complete app lifecycle management tool that plays well with Docker, Kubernetes, and other containerization tools. Let’s take a look at a code example of how to make sure the Stackify agent is installed. Each tool has its own domain-specific language (DSL). The declarative style of configuration management comes with numerius strengths, including ease of maintenance and keeping configuration implementation consistent across the team. But, they also differ in how they help users to maintain consistency and repeatability throughout all the delivery pipeline. Puppet or Chef: The configuration management dilemma Puppet is model-driven, Ruby is procedural, and both are large, messy, open source ecosystems plagued with pitfalls. Below is a breakdown of Chef’s particular school of DevOps Kung-fu: Indeed, many of the tenets highlighted above (e.g., collect metrics, integrate and deliver continuously, put applications and infrastructure through the same workflow) are manifest in Chef 15. And by enabling easy integration with Git for version control, this latest addition to the Puppet platform further blurs the line between software and infrastructure. Chef’s design plays well in scenarios where you need the full power of the Ruby programming language to code your recipes, with little in the way of constraints to do things a certain way. So if your organization plans on adopting SDN, Puppet might be a stronger candidate in this respect. Integrations are available for cloud platforms like Rackspace, with Amazon EC2 going a step further by integrating Chef servers via the AWS OpsWorks for Chef Automate service. Chef was strongly inspired by Puppet. Chef . Chef uses Ruby for DSL. This philosophical difference stands out starkly from a tool like Chef, which, while equally powerful, takes a lot more programmatic effort, involving the use of pure Ruby and the Chef DSL. It is quite easy to learn and its administrator oriented. Lastly, both tools have an open-source version and a paid version with more features like a better HA configuration. Puppet How to choose between Chef and Puppet is a hard question, and the answer, as always, is … “it depends.”. Puppet and Chef uses Resources term. Yes, at the end of the day, Puppet/Chef/etc and DSC are meant to accomplish every similar things, but DSC is only a piece of the picture, which leads to the most important point. Puppet and chef can be made to appear event based, however it's typically just running the relevant job on a schedule. I don’t want to include prices here because it fluctuates a lot, and it varies depending on each customer needs. Chef and Puppet have similarities in how they manage configurations in servers. For Puppet, they have Puppet Enterprise that includes the following capabilities: They also have Puppet Remediate, which is a tool for vulnerability management of your servers. Ansible is the latest configuration tool developed next to Chef and the older one is Puppet. Ansible Vs Puppet Vs Chef What is Ansible? Like Chef it also doesn't utilize DNSSEC. Chef calls this desired state configurations you write recipes. Read about the importance and crucial processes of configuration & security management for DevOps and how UpGuard can meet your company's goals. Stay up to date with security research and global news about data breaches. Management of these data bags, however, is a tedious and error-prone process. Each tool has its own domain-specific language (DSL). Saltstack. A plethora of examples are available in the ChefSpec Github repository to help you get started. It shouldn’t matter if you want to apply the same configuration to servers, Chef and Puppet will make sure to implement any change in an independent way. Not only that, Puppet Enterprise allows admins to manage 2.3 times more resources than they would've previously, and manage them more seamlessly, according to the company. What is Chef? Expand your network with UpGuard Summit, webinars & exclusive events. Even though they’ll have to learn the DSL, it’s never going to be like learning a programming language. Lastly, I’ll talk about how to choose one tool over the other one, depending on your needs and the needs of your team. Standard pricing starts at $120 per node. Tooling is therefore increasingly evaluated based on its ability to achieve these ends effectively and efficiently in the context of an enterprise’s unique needs. Learn how to start testing your software before releasing it to the public, an essential part of the Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC). Chef, on the other hand, supports all the above and also includes powerful tools for testing the correctness and compliance of your infrastructure code. On the other hand, Puppet has its own DSL, “which was designed to be accessible for sysadmins.” And if you have experience working with Nagios configuration files, writing manifests (their version of Chef recipes) won’t be a problem. A recipe in Chef will look like this (pure Ruby): For Puppet, there’s a module to install the Stackify agent, and the manifest will look like this: As you can see, the above code examples confirm what I said before. In a sign of its open source commitment, in April 2019, Chef’s CEO announced in a blog post that Chef would be making all its products open source. We've highlighted some of Chef and Puppet’s key attributes and benefits—selecting the right option comes down to identifying each platform’s core competencies and determining which of these fall in line with your organization’s unique needs and requirements. Chef, for example, tends to be very flexible since you can accomplish whatever you want using standard Ruby helpers and functions. For example, getting a Ruby developer up and running with Chef will probably take less than a single afternoon and a few quick Google searches. But where these type of tools shine is that if someone enters the server manually, and changes the desired state of the server, these tools will bring the servers up to date by re-configuring them. Puppet is a much more opinionated configuration management tool than Chef, and should, arguably, work better on very large teams where Puppet, by design, places in-built constraints on code style. Retrace Overview | January 6th at 10am CST. Manifests and recipes usually describe single resources while modules and cookbooks describe the more general concepts (a LAMP server running your application, for instance). Chef vs Puppet Enterprise; Chef vs Puppet Enterprise. Chef’s ecosystem also includes Chef Automate, an enterprise level tool to automate security compliance and manage your infrastructure’s automation from a single dashboard. It largely duplicates functionality … Our security ratings engine monitors millions of companies every day. 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